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A cross-sectional study of patterns of airway dysfunction, symptoms and morbidity in primary care asthma

Record type: Article

Background: Most patients with asthma are managed exclusively in primary care. Little is known about the patterns of airway dysfunction in these patients and how these relate to other aspects of the disease.
Aims: We set out to assess this in a cross-sectional study of 262 patients.
Methods: Symptoms, spirometry, airway responsiveness, reversibility, and airway inflammation were all assessed. Exacerbations requiring oral corticosteroids in the preceding year were enumerated.
Results: Patients had heterogeneous patterns of airway dysfunction. Those with a post-bronchodilator forced expiratory volume in 1 sec/forced vital capacity ratio of <0.7 had more exacerbations in the previous year (2.2 vs. 0.8; mean difference 1.4; 95% CI 0.4 to 2.4;p=0.007). Patients with normal results had less inflammation (proportion with a sputum eosinophil count of >1.9%, 20% vs. 48%,?2=14.8, df=3; p<0.001) and fewer exacerbations (0.5 vs. 1.4; mean difference –0.9; 95% CI –1.4 to –0.4; p=0.001) but similar symptom scores (6.2 vs. 6.9; p=0.2) compared with patients with any abnormality.
Conclusions: Patients with a diagnosis of asthma have mixed patterns of physiological impairment; many have no airflow obstruction or airway hyper-responsiveness. The physiological characterisation of asthma is not related to symptoms and is of little value in predicting exacerbations or eosinophilic airway inflammation.

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Citation

Shaw, Dominick, Green, Ruth, Berry, Mike, Mellor, Sarah, Hargadon, Beverley, Shelley, Maria, McKenna, Sue, Thomas, Mike and Pavord, I (2012) A cross-sectional study of patterns of airway dysfunction, symptoms and morbidity in primary care asthma Primary Care Respiratory Journal, 21, (3), pp. 283-287. (doi:10.4104/pcrj.2012.00057). (PMID:22786814).

More information

e-pub ahead of print date: 11 July 2012
Published date: September 2012
Keywords: asthma, COPD, diagnosis, primary care
Organisations: Primary Care & Population Sciences

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 343341
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/343341
ISSN: 1471-4418
PURE UUID: 42c2a01f-65e2-4ada-a46b-edf9454f4953

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 03 Oct 2012 11:41
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 05:23

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Contributors

Author: Dominick Shaw
Author: Ruth Green
Author: Mike Berry
Author: Sarah Mellor
Author: Beverley Hargadon
Author: Maria Shelley
Author: Sue McKenna
Author: Mike Thomas
Author: I Pavord

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