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Molecule interference in the near-field Talbot regime

Molecule interference in the near-field Talbot regime
Molecule interference in the near-field Talbot regime
We show our progress in setting up a three grating near-field Talbot-Lau interferometer (TLI) for large molecules such as C60. The TLI is the preferred tool for showing the wave nature of large particles, as it accepts beams of poor spatial coherence and because of its scaling properties with increasing mass of the particles. The spatial coherence is prepared by the first grating, it can be seen as an array of many collimation slits. Our setup is highly flexible in terms of the possibility of changing most of the parameters (such as distances between the gratings and grating angles) from the outside of the UHV-chamber. As the interferometer and the molecular beam source are place in separate vacuum chambers, refilling the oven and adjusting the setup parameters to different molecules is possible without opening the interferometer chamber. This is necessary, as the pressure in the interferometer chamber has to be lower than 5.10-7 mbar in order to observe high interference contrast.

The TLI is highly sensitive to vibrations, especially in the range of 1 kHz (the inverse time-of-flight of the molecules through the interferometer), which makes vibration damping crucial for the success of observing interference. We observed vibration amplitudes of up to 75 nm at low frequencies (158 Hz). Compared to the inverse time-of-flight of the molecules, these vibrations are not 'seen' by the molecules and are non-critical. We observed interference of C60 with a contrast of 27 %, by scanning the self-image of the diffraction grating. In the present setup, an interference contrast of 60 % should be observed with perfect alignment of the gratings.

Time-of-flight measurements showed small modulations of the velocity distribution at for interference expected distances of 2.5 ms. We also show the possibility of reconstructing the Wigner distribution function out of measurements for the case of Talbot interference under experimental conditions.
Szewc, Carola
2fcc2ded-e192-4f1b-8420-2677952ef666
Szewc, Carola
2fcc2ded-e192-4f1b-8420-2677952ef666
Ulbricht, Hendrik
5060dd43-2dc1-47f8-9339-c1a26719527d

Szewc, Carola (2012) Molecule interference in the near-field Talbot regime. University of Southampton, Faculty of Physical and Applied Sciences, Doctoral Thesis, 144pp.

Record type: Thesis (Doctoral)

Abstract

We show our progress in setting up a three grating near-field Talbot-Lau interferometer (TLI) for large molecules such as C60. The TLI is the preferred tool for showing the wave nature of large particles, as it accepts beams of poor spatial coherence and because of its scaling properties with increasing mass of the particles. The spatial coherence is prepared by the first grating, it can be seen as an array of many collimation slits. Our setup is highly flexible in terms of the possibility of changing most of the parameters (such as distances between the gratings and grating angles) from the outside of the UHV-chamber. As the interferometer and the molecular beam source are place in separate vacuum chambers, refilling the oven and adjusting the setup parameters to different molecules is possible without opening the interferometer chamber. This is necessary, as the pressure in the interferometer chamber has to be lower than 5.10-7 mbar in order to observe high interference contrast.

The TLI is highly sensitive to vibrations, especially in the range of 1 kHz (the inverse time-of-flight of the molecules through the interferometer), which makes vibration damping crucial for the success of observing interference. We observed vibration amplitudes of up to 75 nm at low frequencies (158 Hz). Compared to the inverse time-of-flight of the molecules, these vibrations are not 'seen' by the molecules and are non-critical. We observed interference of C60 with a contrast of 27 %, by scanning the self-image of the diffraction grating. In the present setup, an interference contrast of 60 % should be observed with perfect alignment of the gratings.

Time-of-flight measurements showed small modulations of the velocity distribution at for interference expected distances of 2.5 ms. We also show the possibility of reconstructing the Wigner distribution function out of measurements for the case of Talbot interference under experimental conditions.

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More information

Published date: September 2012
Organisations: University of Southampton, Quantum, Light & Matter Group

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 343753
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/343753
PURE UUID: eb925045-2c56-4766-b5fd-b0f825b3d3b2

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Date deposited: 22 Nov 2012 15:25
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 05:20

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Contributors

Author: Carola Szewc
Thesis advisor: Hendrik Ulbricht

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