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Downhole variation of lithium and oxygen isotopic compositions of oceanic crust at East Pacific Rise, ODP Site 1256

Gao, Y, Vils, F, Cooper, KM, Banerjee, N, Harris, M., Hoefs, J, Teagle, D.A.H., Casey, JF, Elliott, T, Laverne, C, Alt, JC and Muehlenbachs, K (2012) Downhole variation of lithium and oxygen isotopic compositions of oceanic crust at East Pacific Rise, ODP Site 1256 Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 13, Q10001. (doi:10.1029/2012GC004207).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Bulk rock lithium and oxygen isotope compositions from ODP Site 1256 were analyzed to investigate the seawater circulation in the upper oceanic crust formed at the East Pacific Rise (EPR). The upper extrusive basalts have ?18O values from +6.1‰ to +9.2‰, reflecting alteration of oceanic crust by seawater at low temperatures (<200–250°C). Bulk rocks from the sheeted dike complex and plutonic section have overall lower ?18O values (+3.0‰–+5.5‰). In the sheeted dike complex bulk rock ?18O values gradually decrease with depth, and then increase toward the fresh MORB ?18O value after reaching a minimum of +3.0‰ at ?1350 m below seafloor (mbsf). The entire sampled crust is dominated by rocks with low lithium contents relative to fresh MORBs except for a few localized Li enrichment. The upper volcanic zone is characterized by a spread of ?7Li from low to high values relative to average unaltered MORB values (?7Li = +3.4 ± 1.4‰). The presence of rocks with low ?7Li values in the upper crust most likely indicates zones of upwelling of relatively hot (?200–250°C) hydrothermal fluids. In the sheeted dike complex, bulk rock ?7Li values show wide range of variation, but exhibit a general trend from enriched to depleted values at ?1280 mbsf and then return to that for fresh MORB within the upper tens of meters of the plutonic section at the bottom of the after reaching a minimum at ?1350 mbsf (?7Li = ?1.6‰). The downhole pattern of ?7Li principally reflects variations in water-rock ratio (w/r) together with a downhole increase of temperature. Seawater flow in the upper volcanic zone is likely to be channeled with generally small but variable w/r ratios. The w/r ratios increase rapidly with depth in the lower volcanic section into the sheeted dike complex indicating water dominated pervasive hydrothermal flow due to intensive upwelling of hydrothermal fluids.

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More information

Published date: 5 October 2012
Organisations: Geochemistry

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 344204
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/344204
ISSN: 1525-2027
PURE UUID: d28d42c6-b2e2-4e3c-8578-baa346f5b2b5
ORCID for D.A.H. Teagle: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-4416-8409

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 12 Oct 2012 15:43
Last modified: 20 Oct 2017 16:35

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Contributors

Author: Y Gao
Author: F Vils
Author: KM Cooper
Author: N Banerjee
Author: M. Harris
Author: J Hoefs
Author: D.A.H. Teagle ORCID iD
Author: JF Casey
Author: T Elliott
Author: C Laverne
Author: JC Alt
Author: K Muehlenbachs

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