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Investigating the endemic transmission of the hepatitis C virus

Record type: Article

The hepatitis C virus (HCV) infects at least 3% of people worldwide and is a leading global cause of liver disease. Although HCV spread epidemically during the 20th century, particularly by blood transfusion, it has clearly been present in human populations for several centuries. Here we attempt to redress the paucity of investigation into how long-term endemic transmission of HCV has been maintained. Such transmission not only represents the 'natural' route of infection but also contributes to new infections today. As a first step, we investigate the hypothesis that HCV can be mechanically transmitted by biting arthropods. Firstly, we use a combined bioinformatic and geographic approach to build a spatial database of endemic HCV infection and demonstrate that this can be used to geographically compare endemic HCV with the range distributions of potential vector species. Second, we use models from mathematical epidemiology to investigate if the parameters that describe the biting behaviour of vectors are consistent with a proposed basic reproduction number (R0) for HCV, and with the sustained transmission of the virus by mechanical transmission. Our analyses indicate that the mechanical transmission of HCV is plausible and that much further research into endemic HCV is needed

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Citation

Pybus, Oliver G., Markov, Peter V., Wu, Anna and Tatem, Andrew J. (2007) Investigating the endemic transmission of the hepatitis C virus International Journal for Parasitology, 37, (8-9), pp. 839-849. (doi:10.1016/j.ijpara.2007.04.009). (PMID:17521655).

More information

Published date: July 2007
Keywords: hepatitis c virus, transmission, ector, arthropod, basic reproduction number, phylogeny
Organisations: Geography & Environment, PHEW – P (Population Health)

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 344444
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/344444
ISSN: 0020-7519
PURE UUID: a6cd2d9c-2b9b-4679-84b7-c95258824ee0
ORCID for Andrew J. Tatem: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-7270-941X

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 29 Nov 2012 12:12
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 05:16

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Contributors

Author: Oliver G. Pybus
Author: Peter V. Markov
Author: Anna Wu
Author: Andrew J. Tatem ORCID iD

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