The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Estimating the malaria risk of African mosquito movement by air travel

Record type: Article

BACKGROUND: The expansion of global travel has resulted in the importation of African Anopheles mosquitoes, giving rise to cases of local malaria transmission. Here, cases of 'airport malaria' are used to quantify, using a combination of global climate and air traffic volume, where and when are the greatest risks of a Plasmodium falciparum-carrying mosquito being importated by air. This prioritises areas at risk of further airport malaria and possible importation or reemergence of the disease. METHODS: Monthly data on climate at the World's major airports were combined with air traffic information and African malaria seasonality maps to identify, month-by-month, those existing and future air routes at greatest risk of African malaria-carrying mosquito importation and temporary establishment. RESULTS: The location and timing of recorded airport malaria cases proved predictable using a combination of climate and air traffic data. Extending the analysis beyond the current air network architecture enabled identification of the airports and months with greatest climatic similarity to P. falciparum endemic regions of Africa within their principal transmission seasons, and therefore at risk should new aviation routes become operational. CONCLUSION: With the growth of long haul air travel from Africa, the identification of the seasonality and routes of mosquito importation is important in guiding effective aircraft disinsection and vector control. The recent and continued addition of air routes from Africa to more climatically similar regions than Europe will increase movement risks. The approach outlined here is capable of identifying when and where these risks are greatest.

Full text not available from this repository.

Citation

Tatem, Andrew J., Rogers, Davaid J. and Hay, Simon I. (2006) Estimating the malaria risk of African mosquito movement by air travel Malaria Journal, 5, (57) (doi:10.1186/1475-2875-5-57). (PMID:16842613).

More information

Published date: 14 July 2006
Keywords: africa, epidemiology, animals, anopheles, parasitology, climate, forecasting, humans, insect vectors, malaria, falciparum, transmission, plasmodium, risk assessment, seasons, travel
Organisations: Geography & Environment, PHEW – P (Population Health)

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 344480
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/344480
ISSN: 1475-2875
PURE UUID: 02db7e91-d302-48d0-a75d-7294812bf6db
ORCID for Andrew J. Tatem: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-7270-941X

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 25 Oct 2012 08:35
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 05:16

Export record

Altmetrics

Contributors

Author: Andrew J. Tatem ORCID iD
Author: Davaid J. Rogers
Author: Simon I. Hay

University divisions


Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×