Zwolski, Kamil and Kaunert, Christian
Somalia versus Captain ‘Hook’: assessing the EU's security actorness in countering piracy off the Horn of Africa
Cambridge Review of International Affairs, 27, (3), . (doi:10.1080/09557571.2012.678295).
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An internal security problem of Somalia — state failure from internal conflict resulting in increased piracy — has increasingly become an external security problem for the European Union (EU). This article contributes to analysing the role of the EU as a security actor in countering piracy off the Horn of Africa, by examining three different dimensions of the EU response to this problem: (a) the immediate EU response (the EU military mission EUNAVFOR Atalanta); (b) the medium-term EU response (the Critical Maritime Routes (CMR) programme launched by the European Commission); and (c) the long-term EU response (development and security assistance). This article concludes that the EU has been very active in addressing piracy through its naval task-force to protect maritime transport in the western Indian Ocean and the Gulf of Aden, as well as its efforts to enhance regional counter-piracy capacities and thematic and geographical financial instruments. The EU thus has taken up the fight against ‘Captain Hook’.
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