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Insights into the emplacement dynamics of volcanic landslides from high-resolution 3D seismic data acquired offshore Montserrat, Lesser Antilles

Record type: Article

We present results from the first three-dimensional (3D) marine seismic dataset ever collected over volcanic landslide deposits, acquired offshore of the Soufrie?re Hills volcano on the island of Montserrat in the Lesser Antilles. The 3D data enable detailed analysis of various features in and around these mass wasting deposits, such as surface deformation fabrics, the distribution and size of transported blocks, change of emplacement direction and erosion into seafloor strata. Deformational features preserved on the surface of the most recent debris avalanche deposit (Deposit 1) reveal evidence for spatially-variant deceleration as the mass failure came to rest on the seafloor. Block distributions suggest that the failure spread out very rapidly, with no tendency to develop longitudinal ridges. An older volcanic flank collapse deposit (Deposit 2) appears to be intrinsically related to large-scale secondary failure of seafloor sediments. We observe pronounced erosion directly down-slope of a prominent headwall, where translational sliding of well-stratified sediments was initiated. Deep-reaching faults controlled the form and location of the headwall, and stratigraphic relationships suggest that sliding was concurrent with volcanic flank collapse emplacement. We also identified a very different mass wasting unit between Deposit 1 and Deposit 2 that was likely emplaced as a series of particle-laden mass flows derived from pyroclastic flows, much like the recent (since 1995) phase of deposition offshore Montserrat but at a much larger scale. This study highlights the power of 3D seismic data in understanding landslide emplacement processes offshore of volcanic islands.

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Citation

Crutchley, G.J., Karstens, J., Berndt, C., Talling, P.J., Watt, S.F.L., Vardy, M.E., Huhnerbach, V., Urlaub, M., Sarkar, S., Klaeschen, D,, Paulatto, M., Le Friant, A., Lebas, E. and Maeno, F. (2013) Insights into the emplacement dynamics of volcanic landslides from high-resolution 3D seismic data acquired offshore Montserrat, Lesser Antilles Marine Geology, 335, pp. 1-15. (doi:10.1016/j.margeo.2012.10.004).

More information

Accepted/In Press date: 22 October 2012
Published date: 1 January 2013
Organisations: Geology & Geophysics, Marine Geoscience

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 344698
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/344698
ISSN: 0025-3227
PURE UUID: a37631c6-dd84-4988-adee-cc207442b1cc

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Date deposited: 29 Oct 2012 09:10
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 05:14

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Contributors

Author: G.J. Crutchley
Author: J. Karstens
Author: C. Berndt
Author: P.J. Talling
Author: S.F.L. Watt
Author: M.E. Vardy
Author: V. Huhnerbach
Author: M. Urlaub
Author: S. Sarkar
Author: D, Klaeschen
Author: M. Paulatto
Author: A. Le Friant
Author: E. Lebas
Author: F. Maeno

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