The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Do Canadian Researchers and the Lay Public Prioritize Biomedical Research Outcomes Equally? A Choice Experiment

Miller, F.A., Mentzakis, E., Axler, R., Lehouz, P., French, M., Tarride, J.E., Wodchis, W.P., Wilson, B.J., Longo, C., Bytautas, J.P. and Barbara, S. (2013) Do Canadian Researchers and the Lay Public Prioritize Biomedical Research Outcomes Equally? A Choice Experiment Academic Medicine, 88, (4), pp. 1-24.

Record type: Article


Purpose: Academic medicine must increasingly measure the ‘return on investment’ of
biomedical research, and justify these returns to key stakeholders. Whether citizens, and the
governments that represent them in funding basic, biomedical research, prioritize the same
returns as researchers warrants consideration.
Methods: In autumn 2010, through a cross-sectional, national survey of basic biomedical
researchers funded by Canada’s national health research agency, and a representative sample
of Canadian residents, the authors assessed preferences for research impacts across 5
attributes using a discrete choice experiment: advancing scientific knowledge (papers),
building research capacity (trainees), informing decisions in the health products industry
(patents), targeting economic, health or scientific priorities, and cost. A fractional factorial
design (18 pairwise choices plus opt-out) was reduced to three blocks of six. Part worth
utilities, differences in predicted probabilities, and willingness-to-pay values were computed
using nested logit models.
Results: 1,749 researchers (55.17% response rate) and 1,002 internet panellists completed
the survey. Researchers and citizens prioritized high quality scientific outputs (papers,
trainees) over other attributes; patents licensed by industry ranked third. Both groups
disvalued research targeted at economic priorities relative to health priorities. Researchers
granted a premium to proposals targeting scientific priorities.
Conclusions: Citizens and researchers shared fundamental preferences for the impacts of
basic biomedical research. Notably, traditional scientific outputs were prioritized, and the
pursuit of economic returns was disvalued. These findings have implications for academic
medicine in incenting and valuing basic health research, and for how biomedical researchers
and the public may jointly contribute to research priority setting.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

Published date: 2013
Organisations: Economics


Local EPrints ID: 345216
ISSN: 1040-2446
PURE UUID: a6d62275-d49e-4279-8587-9ae19d8801ed

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 13 Nov 2012 13:09
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 05:11

Export record


Author: F.A. Miller
Author: E. Mentzakis
Author: R. Axler
Author: P. Lehouz
Author: M. French
Author: J.E. Tarride
Author: W.P. Wodchis
Author: B.J. Wilson
Author: C. Longo
Author: J.P. Bytautas
Author: S. Barbara

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton:

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.