The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Return International Migration and Geographical Inequality: The Case of Egypt

Record type: Article

This paper explores entrepreneurship amongst return migrants, how their business locations and characteristics differ from other businesses, and the implications for rural–urban inequality. First, we examine, amongst returnees, the determinants of investment in a project/enterprise. Secondly, we study the impact of return migration on the characteristics and nature of non-farm small enterprises using a sample of return migrants and non-migrant owners of enterprises.
Our data indicate that although the share of return migrants originating in urban areas is almost equal to those from rural areas, and that migrants tend to return to their origin region, urban areas benefit more than rural areas from international savings. The empirical evidence suggests that overseas savings, and the duration of stay overseas, have positive separate effects on the probability of investing in a project/enterprise amongst returnees. Furthermore, returnees of urban origin are more likely than rural ones to invest in a non-farm enterprise.
The findings also indicate that there is a regional bias in the location of firms and jobs created by returnees compared with non-migrants, in favour of the capital city. Thus, overall, the results support a positive impact of return migration on enterprise investment in urban areas driven by the preference of returnees to invest in urban areas.

PDF barry mccormick and jackline wahba.pdf - Other
Download (130kB)

Citation

McCormick, Barry and Wahba, Jackline (2003) Return International Migration and Geographical Inequality: The Case of Egypt Journal of African Economies, 12, (4), pp. 500-532.

More information

Published date: 2003
Keywords: return migration, remittances, developing countries, rural-urban inequality

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 34546
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/34546
ISSN: 0963-8024
PURE UUID: 4de248d7-bc56-4c06-8ea3-ec531a16b46a

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 16 May 2006
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 15:50

Export record

Contributors

Author: Barry McCormick
Author: Jackline Wahba

University divisions


Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×