Mackay, Anson W., Swann, George E.A., Brewer, Tim S., Leng, Melanie J., Morley, David W., Piotrowska, Natalia, Rioaul, Patrick and White, Dustin
A reassessment of late glacial-Holocene diatom oxygen isotope record from Lake Baikal using a geochemical mass-balance approach.
Journal of Quaternary Science, 26, (6), . (doi:10.1002/jqs.1484).
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We present a new palaeoenvironmental record of hydrological variability in Lake Baikal, based on re-modelled ?18Odiatom values of diatom silica (?18Omodelled), where the residual contaminants are identified and compensated for using electron optical imaging and whole-sample geochemistry. ?18Omodelled interpretations are based on the balance between rivers with high ?18O values and rivers with low ?18O values. Isotopic variability is related to latitudinal differences in precipitation which feed these rivers. The ?18Omodelled record suggests that rather moist conditions prevailed in the Lake Baikal region during the latter stages of the Younger Dryas. Throughout the Holocene, episodes of low ?18Omodelled values are, in general, in good agreement with increases in percentage haematite-stained grains in North Atlantic sediments (indicative of ice-rafted debris events). Rivers with southerly catchments dominate fluvial input especially between c. 3.3 and 2?cal?ka?BP, concurrent with high precipitation in the Lake Baikal region
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