The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Past, Present, and Future Changes in the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation

Past, Present, and Future Changes in the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation
Past, Present, and Future Changes in the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation
Observations and numerical modeling experiments provide evidence for links between variability in the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC) and global climate patterns. Reduction in the strength of the overturning circulation is thought to have played a key role in rapid climate change in the past and may have the potential to significantly influence climate change in the future, as noted in the last two Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) assessment reports (Houghton et al.; Solomon et al.). Both IPCC reports also highlighted the significant uncertainties that exist regarding the future behavior of the AMOC under global warming. Model results suggest that changes in the AMOC can impact surface air temperature, precipitation patterns, and sea level, particularly in areas bordering the North Atlantic, thus affecting human populations. Here, the current understanding of past, present, and future changes in the AMOC and the effects of such changes on climate are reviewed. The focus is on observations of the AMOC, how the AMOC influences climate, and in what way the AMOC is likely to change over the next few decades and the twenty-first century. The potential for decadal prediction of the AMOC is also discussed. Finally, the outstanding challenges and possible future directions for AMOC research are outlined.
0003-0007
1663-1676
Srokosz, M.
f1701d3e-01b3-43d0-8993-9fd523032a79
Baringer, M.
d7556447-5252-4125-b4c3-147c2c8b0980
Bryden, H.
7f823946-34e8-48a3-8bd4-a72d2d749184
Cunningham, S.
07f1bd78-d92f-478b-a016-b92f530142c3
Delworth, T.
ea765a48-c4f4-4483-b359-c815a47424e2
Lozier, S.
66b83cdb-3ed9-47c1-901b-48b41edbc25f
Marotzke, J.
6047bfd1-68a3-4abe-95ce-e1df9a56ce76
Sutton, R.
0cb48b6b-30f8-42a9-849d-4c5a3c8dcc0c
Srokosz, M.
f1701d3e-01b3-43d0-8993-9fd523032a79
Baringer, M.
d7556447-5252-4125-b4c3-147c2c8b0980
Bryden, H.
7f823946-34e8-48a3-8bd4-a72d2d749184
Cunningham, S.
07f1bd78-d92f-478b-a016-b92f530142c3
Delworth, T.
ea765a48-c4f4-4483-b359-c815a47424e2
Lozier, S.
66b83cdb-3ed9-47c1-901b-48b41edbc25f
Marotzke, J.
6047bfd1-68a3-4abe-95ce-e1df9a56ce76
Sutton, R.
0cb48b6b-30f8-42a9-849d-4c5a3c8dcc0c

Srokosz, M., Baringer, M., Bryden, H., Cunningham, S., Delworth, T., Lozier, S., Marotzke, J. and Sutton, R. (2012) Past, Present, and Future Changes in the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 93, (11), pp. 1663-1676. (doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00151.1).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Observations and numerical modeling experiments provide evidence for links between variability in the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC) and global climate patterns. Reduction in the strength of the overturning circulation is thought to have played a key role in rapid climate change in the past and may have the potential to significantly influence climate change in the future, as noted in the last two Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) assessment reports (Houghton et al.; Solomon et al.). Both IPCC reports also highlighted the significant uncertainties that exist regarding the future behavior of the AMOC under global warming. Model results suggest that changes in the AMOC can impact surface air temperature, precipitation patterns, and sea level, particularly in areas bordering the North Atlantic, thus affecting human populations. Here, the current understanding of past, present, and future changes in the AMOC and the effects of such changes on climate are reviewed. The focus is on observations of the AMOC, how the AMOC influences climate, and in what way the AMOC is likely to change over the next few decades and the twenty-first century. The potential for decadal prediction of the AMOC is also discussed. Finally, the outstanding challenges and possible future directions for AMOC research are outlined.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

Published date: 2012
Organisations: Physical Oceanography, Marine Physics and Ocean Climate

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 345842
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/345842
ISSN: 0003-0007
PURE UUID: 7f562ba8-026a-4ca4-af11-94d1885b4e83
ORCID for H. Bryden: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-8216-6359

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 03 Dec 2012 15:17
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 05:07

Export record

Altmetrics

Contributors

Author: M. Srokosz
Author: M. Baringer
Author: H. Bryden ORCID iD
Author: S. Cunningham
Author: T. Delworth
Author: S. Lozier
Author: J. Marotzke
Author: R. Sutton

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×