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Disentangling women’s responses on complex dietary intake patterns from an Indian cross-sectional survey: a latent class analysis

Record type: Article

Objective: To investigate the degree of individual heterogeneity related to complex dietary behaviour and to further examine the associations of different dietary compositions with selected characteristics.
Design: Latent class analysis was applied to data from the recent cross-sectional National Family Health Survey that collected information on the intake frequency of selected foods. Different responses regarding intake frequency were condensed into a set of five meaningful latent clusters representing different dietary patterns and these clusters were then labelled based on the reported degree of diet mixing.
Setting: Indian states.
Subjects: In total, 90?180 women aged 15–49 years.
Results: Three clusters were predominantly non-vegetarian and two were vegetarian. A very high or high mixed-diet pattern was observed particularly in the southern and a few north-eastern states. Many women in the very high mixed-diet cluster consumed mostly non-green/leafy vegetables on a daily basis, and fruits and other non-vegetarian diet on a weekly basis. In contrast, those in the low mixed-diet cluster consumed more than three-fifths of the major vegetarian diet ingredients alone on a daily basis. The affluent group that represented the low mixed-diet cluster were primarily vegetarians and those who represented the very high mixed-diet cluster were mostly non-vegetarians. The significant interrelationships of different characteristics highlight not only socio-economic, spatial and cultural disparities related to dietary practices, but also the substantial heterogeneity in diet mixing behaviour.
Conclusions: The results of this study confirmed our hypothesis of heterogeneous dietary behaviour of Indian women and yielded useful policy-oriented results which might be difficult to establish otherwise.

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Citation

Padmadas, Sabu S., Dias, José G. and Willekens, Frans J. (2006) Disentangling women’s responses on complex dietary intake patterns from an Indian cross-sectional survey: a latent class analysis Public Health Nutrition, 9, (2), pp. 204-211. (doi:10.1079/PHN2005842).

More information

Published date: 2006

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 34600
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/34600
ISSN: 1368-9800
PURE UUID: 7f035cc8-b7e7-4ec6-80eb-7973f5e0390c

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 15 May 2006
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 15:50

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Contributors

Author: José G. Dias
Author: Frans J. Willekens

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