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Birth size and physical activity in a cohort of Indian children aged 6-10 years

Birth size and physical activity in a cohort of Indian children aged 6-10 years
Birth size and physical activity in a cohort of Indian children aged 6-10 years
There is evidence of a reduction in children’s physical activity in India in the last decade. Our objective was to assess whether size and body composition at birth are associated with physical activity in school-aged children. Children from a prospective observational cohort study born in Mysore, South India between 1997 and 1998 (n5663) had neonatal anthropometric measurements made within 72 h of delivery [weight, mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC), chest, abdomen and head circumference, crown–heel, crown–buttock and leg length, triceps and subscapular skinfolds]. At 6–10 years, children (n5449) were asked to wear AM7164 or GT1M Actigraph accelerometers for 7 days. Body composition was measured within 6 months of activity monitoring. Arm muscle area at birth and time of activity monitoring was calculated from MUAC and skinfold measurements.
Activity outcome measures were: mean accelerometer counts per minute (cpm); counts per day and proportion of time spent in moderate and vigorous activity. The mean (S.D.) number of days with >500 min of recorded accelerometer data was 7.0 (1.1). Linear regression models showed no significant associations between any of the neonatal anthropometric measures and the activity variables. Body fat percentage at 7.5 years was negatively associated with all activity variables (B524.69, CI: 27.31, 22.07 for mean cpm).
In conclusion, this study showed no associations between body size and skinfold thickness at birth and objectively measured physical activity
in childhood.
accelerometer, activity, birth size, child, India
245-252
Kehoe, S. H.
534e5729-632b-4b4f-8401-164d8c20aa26
Krishnaveni, G. V.
eb73f522-17b0-4aa9-a7c7-df0014ced8c3
Veena, S. R.
314c8753-3131-4e9a-9701-680bfdff6aee
Hill, J. C.
9fd0e7fc-66d5-4c36-b25f-2f41e70c538f
Osmond, C.
2677bf85-494f-4a78-adf8-580e1b8acb81
Kiran, A.
5c4f2210-4951-4226-a44b-e6ecfb9c5c71
Coakley, P.
6d68ba63-ddf6-499c-9507-9106618f0a47
Karat, S. C.
6d394c4d-6f7a-43eb-b53b-e03b6be85a0c
Fall, C. H. D.
7171a105-34f5-4131-89d7-1aa639893b18
Kehoe, S. H.
534e5729-632b-4b4f-8401-164d8c20aa26
Krishnaveni, G. V.
eb73f522-17b0-4aa9-a7c7-df0014ced8c3
Veena, S. R.
314c8753-3131-4e9a-9701-680bfdff6aee
Hill, J. C.
9fd0e7fc-66d5-4c36-b25f-2f41e70c538f
Osmond, C.
2677bf85-494f-4a78-adf8-580e1b8acb81
Kiran, A.
5c4f2210-4951-4226-a44b-e6ecfb9c5c71
Coakley, P.
6d68ba63-ddf6-499c-9507-9106618f0a47
Karat, S. C.
6d394c4d-6f7a-43eb-b53b-e03b6be85a0c
Fall, C. H. D.
7171a105-34f5-4131-89d7-1aa639893b18

Kehoe, S. H., Krishnaveni, G. V., Veena, S. R., Hill, J. C., Osmond, C., Kiran, A., Coakley, P., Karat, S. C. and Fall, C. H. D. (2012) Birth size and physical activity in a cohort of Indian children aged 6-10 years. Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease, 3 (4), 245-252. (doi:10.1017/S2040174412000189).

Record type: Article

Abstract

There is evidence of a reduction in children’s physical activity in India in the last decade. Our objective was to assess whether size and body composition at birth are associated with physical activity in school-aged children. Children from a prospective observational cohort study born in Mysore, South India between 1997 and 1998 (n5663) had neonatal anthropometric measurements made within 72 h of delivery [weight, mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC), chest, abdomen and head circumference, crown–heel, crown–buttock and leg length, triceps and subscapular skinfolds]. At 6–10 years, children (n5449) were asked to wear AM7164 or GT1M Actigraph accelerometers for 7 days. Body composition was measured within 6 months of activity monitoring. Arm muscle area at birth and time of activity monitoring was calculated from MUAC and skinfold measurements.
Activity outcome measures were: mean accelerometer counts per minute (cpm); counts per day and proportion of time spent in moderate and vigorous activity. The mean (S.D.) number of days with >500 min of recorded accelerometer data was 7.0 (1.1). Linear regression models showed no significant associations between any of the neonatal anthropometric measures and the activity variables. Body fat percentage at 7.5 years was negatively associated with all activity variables (B524.69, CI: 27.31, 22.07 for mean cpm).
In conclusion, this study showed no associations between body size and skinfold thickness at birth and objectively measured physical activity
in childhood.

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e-pub ahead of print date: 4 April 2012
Published date: August 2012
Keywords: accelerometer, activity, birth size, child, India
Organisations: Faculty of Medicine

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Local EPrints ID: 346478
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/346478
PURE UUID: 20f7eb37-ef42-412d-8bd8-7ea27e179067
ORCID for S. H. Kehoe: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-2584-7999
ORCID for C. Osmond: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-9054-4655
ORCID for C. H. D. Fall: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-4402-5552

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Date deposited: 04 Jan 2013 16:05
Last modified: 17 Apr 2021 01:37

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Contributors

Author: S. H. Kehoe ORCID iD
Author: G. V. Krishnaveni
Author: S. R. Veena
Author: J. C. Hill
Author: C. Osmond ORCID iD
Author: A. Kiran
Author: P. Coakley
Author: S. C. Karat
Author: C. H. D. Fall ORCID iD

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