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Application of bend-twist coupled blades for horizontal axis tidal turbines

Application of bend-twist coupled blades for horizontal axis tidal turbines
Application of bend-twist coupled blades for horizontal axis tidal turbines
The blades of a horizontal axis tidal turbine are required to operate in a harsh subsea environment over a long life cycle with minimal need for maintenance. The concept of using passively adaptive, bend-twist coupled spars for horizontal axis tidal turbine blades has been identified as a potential method of improving energy capture. In this work a structural analysis is coupled with a fluid dynamic model to perform a full fluid-structure interaction analysis of a range of composite, bend-twist coupled blades. Blade element momentum theory is used to assess the presence of stall and corroborate the performance data attained from the fluid analysis. This paper discusses the individual analyses and the manner in which they are coupled. Several example problems were analysed using the design tool. The results compare well to the preliminary studies and indicate that a decrease of up to 12% in thrust and an increase of up to 5% in power capture could be achieved through the use of properly designed, bend-twist coupled blades
adaptive composites, bend-twist coupling, composite blade design, fluid-structure interactions, renewable energy, tidal turbine
0960-1481
541-550
Nicholls-Lee, R.F.
eb65ebff-bdc3-4ea0-8e3d-6f769fc323ed
Boyd, S.W.
bcbdefe0-5acf-4d6a-8a16-f4abf7c78b10
Turnock, S.R.
d6442f5c-d9af-4fdb-8406-7c79a92b26ce
Nicholls-Lee, R.F.
eb65ebff-bdc3-4ea0-8e3d-6f769fc323ed
Boyd, S.W.
bcbdefe0-5acf-4d6a-8a16-f4abf7c78b10
Turnock, S.R.
d6442f5c-d9af-4fdb-8406-7c79a92b26ce

Nicholls-Lee, R.F., Boyd, S.W. and Turnock, S.R. (2013) Application of bend-twist coupled blades for horizontal axis tidal turbines. Renewable Energy, 50, 541-550. (doi:10.1016/j.renene.2012.06.043).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The blades of a horizontal axis tidal turbine are required to operate in a harsh subsea environment over a long life cycle with minimal need for maintenance. The concept of using passively adaptive, bend-twist coupled spars for horizontal axis tidal turbine blades has been identified as a potential method of improving energy capture. In this work a structural analysis is coupled with a fluid dynamic model to perform a full fluid-structure interaction analysis of a range of composite, bend-twist coupled blades. Blade element momentum theory is used to assess the presence of stall and corroborate the performance data attained from the fluid analysis. This paper discusses the individual analyses and the manner in which they are coupled. Several example problems were analysed using the design tool. The results compare well to the preliminary studies and indicate that a decrease of up to 12% in thrust and an increase of up to 5% in power capture could be achieved through the use of properly designed, bend-twist coupled blades

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More information

Published date: February 2013
Keywords: adaptive composites, bend-twist coupling, composite blade design, fluid-structure interactions, renewable energy, tidal turbine
Organisations: Fluid Structure Interactions Group

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 346566
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/346566
ISSN: 0960-1481
PURE UUID: 014db10f-e6ad-40c1-9eaa-d76272861da6
ORCID for S.R. Turnock: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-6288-0400

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 02 Jan 2013 14:18
Last modified: 09 Jan 2022 02:37

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Contributors

Author: R.F. Nicholls-Lee
Author: S.W. Boyd
Author: S.R. Turnock ORCID iD

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