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A behaviour study of transport impacts of mega events

A behaviour study of transport impacts of mega events
A behaviour study of transport impacts of mega events
The impact of mega events such as the Olympic Games on the host cities is a matter of continuing debate and controversy. The expectations for increasing the profile of the city as well as the opportunities to improve infrastructure and transport operations are widely recognized. Their effects on the city transport patterns particularly towards sustainable urban transport have proved to be significant. By reviewing the challenges and impacts of previous Olympic Games to the transport system of host cities, it is found that understanding the travel behaviour changes along with mega events can improve future transportation planning, including for the increasing number of special events. In addition, the potential of ‘legacy planning’ is identified. This can help to optimize the background transport system and contribute to the development of transport facilities with far-reaching significance and value on the urban transportation development towards sustainability. In the absence of the continuing records and sufficient knowledge of travellers’ responses towards the changes of transport facilities and policies, many host cities had to repeatedly face similar challenges in forecasting, planning and running the mega events. This lack of knowledge in the travel behaviour changes associated with the Olympic Games and potential concerns have been the main motivation for this research.

On the basis of understanding what the short-term and long-term impacts on transportation have been in previous Olympic Games, this thesis investigates the travel behaviour changes under the circumstance of the Beijing Olympics 2008 by examining the information from a series of continuous Beijing residents household travel surveys and supplementary surveys. The comparison found that the local residents’ daily travel pattern was interrupted by the Travel Demand Management (TDM) measures and significantly changed during the Olympic Games. Though some impacts seemed to continue after the Games, most changes the residents made during the Games didn’t appear to have a lasting effect on local travel patterns.

Using Weighted-Euclidean distance Probability Mass function (PMF) tests and cluster analysis, the individual behaviour changes were examined in terms of trip rates, primary travel modes and commuting trips. This showed that travellers with different demographic characteristics might have significantly different behaviour changes and responses to the Games-related Travel Demand Management (TDM) measures. Particularly, the car users and the public transport passengers reacted differently to the changes brought by the Olympics, in both the short-term and the long-term. The data analysis also indicated the travellers’ actual behaviours were significantly different from what they planned before the Games, especially on walking and subway. Understanding the difference between groups of travellers is essential for future planning and strategic decisions.
He, Kangjing
c73d7e27-38b4-4c85-b34c-da57c35240bd
He, Kangjing
c73d7e27-38b4-4c85-b34c-da57c35240bd
Preston, Jonathan
ef81c42e-c896-4768-92d1-052662037f0b

He, Kangjing (2012) A behaviour study of transport impacts of mega events. University of Southampton, Faculty of Engineering and the Environment, Doctoral Thesis, 366pp.

Record type: Thesis (Doctoral)

Abstract

The impact of mega events such as the Olympic Games on the host cities is a matter of continuing debate and controversy. The expectations for increasing the profile of the city as well as the opportunities to improve infrastructure and transport operations are widely recognized. Their effects on the city transport patterns particularly towards sustainable urban transport have proved to be significant. By reviewing the challenges and impacts of previous Olympic Games to the transport system of host cities, it is found that understanding the travel behaviour changes along with mega events can improve future transportation planning, including for the increasing number of special events. In addition, the potential of ‘legacy planning’ is identified. This can help to optimize the background transport system and contribute to the development of transport facilities with far-reaching significance and value on the urban transportation development towards sustainability. In the absence of the continuing records and sufficient knowledge of travellers’ responses towards the changes of transport facilities and policies, many host cities had to repeatedly face similar challenges in forecasting, planning and running the mega events. This lack of knowledge in the travel behaviour changes associated with the Olympic Games and potential concerns have been the main motivation for this research.

On the basis of understanding what the short-term and long-term impacts on transportation have been in previous Olympic Games, this thesis investigates the travel behaviour changes under the circumstance of the Beijing Olympics 2008 by examining the information from a series of continuous Beijing residents household travel surveys and supplementary surveys. The comparison found that the local residents’ daily travel pattern was interrupted by the Travel Demand Management (TDM) measures and significantly changed during the Olympic Games. Though some impacts seemed to continue after the Games, most changes the residents made during the Games didn’t appear to have a lasting effect on local travel patterns.

Using Weighted-Euclidean distance Probability Mass function (PMF) tests and cluster analysis, the individual behaviour changes were examined in terms of trip rates, primary travel modes and commuting trips. This showed that travellers with different demographic characteristics might have significantly different behaviour changes and responses to the Games-related Travel Demand Management (TDM) measures. Particularly, the car users and the public transport passengers reacted differently to the changes brought by the Olympics, in both the short-term and the long-term. The data analysis also indicated the travellers’ actual behaviours were significantly different from what they planned before the Games, especially on walking and subway. Understanding the difference between groups of travellers is essential for future planning and strategic decisions.

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More information

Published date: May 2012
Organisations: University of Southampton, Civil Maritime & Env. Eng & Sci Unit

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 348867
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/348867
PURE UUID: 8a91c5a1-1c85-4133-9d00-c0a880a82b54
ORCID for Jonathan Preston: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-6866-049X

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 05 Mar 2013 15:24
Last modified: 06 Jun 2018 12:41

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Contributors

Author: Kangjing He
Thesis advisor: Jonathan Preston ORCID iD

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