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Characterisation of wastes towards sustainable landfilling by some physical and mechanical properties with an emphasis on solid particles compressibility

Characterisation of wastes towards sustainable landfilling by some physical and mechanical properties with an emphasis on solid particles compressibility
Characterisation of wastes towards sustainable landfilling by some physical and mechanical properties with an emphasis on solid particles compressibility
The EU landfill directive requires the amount of wastes going to landfills to be reduced significantly in compliance with the sustainable waste management principles. However, the disposal has been and will continue to play a significant role, and the overall aim is an improved design and operation of the landfill sites, and reduction of their negative environmental impact towards sustainable landfilling. Waste has been recognised by other researchers as the primary structural element in landfills; therefore for better understanding of its behaviour, the physical and engineering properties of its components must be well known. The main aspect of this research was focused on investigation of particle compressibility and its effect on the overall compressibility and settlement of the waste body. A methodology to measure particle compressibility in saturated conditions at various stress levels was developed, using synthetic deformable materials and mechanically-biologically treated (MBT) waste. MBT waste sample with particle size reduced to 9 mm showed a response to loading similar to soils, hence soil mechanics principles will be applicable. Simultaneously, a categorisation of different types of pre-treated wastes was carried out by some of their physical and geometrical properties. The results were interconnected into a newly developed waste classification system, which allowed an assessment and comparison of their geomechanical and flow properties, and predict to some extent their future behaviour in landfills. About a third of the MBT samples by mass comprised a matrix (fine material of <5 mm) into which the larger particles were embedded. The large 2D elements (mainly presented by plastics, glass and metal foils) will play an important role for stability and flow transportation, taking about 25% by mass. On one hand, they will have a reinforcing effect but on the other, they will modify, divert, or impede the flow paths in the waste which may result in reduced permeability or preferential flows. Highly compressible synthetic materials were also used to simulate the deformable materials in landfills (such as hollow 3D elements). They tend to embed into each other and form a horizontal highly dense structure which reduces significantly or completely the volume of voids. In large scale, this will lead to modified or blocked the flow paths and hence reduce the flow rates and impede the flushing of contaminants in landfills. Compressible particles reach their maximum compressibility at certain stress thresholds and progressively change their shape from 3D compressible to 2D incompressible. At the end of the study, a simplified phase relationship model was suggested, considering changes in the solid phase due to both particle compressibility and decomposition. The applicability of the conventional effective stress theory on highly compressible materials was questioned as well.
Velkushanova, K.
36a61b5b-95dc-4e66-8d8d-4612a5c013f5
Velkushanova, K.
36a61b5b-95dc-4e66-8d8d-4612a5c013f5
Richards, David
a58ea81e-443d-4dab-8d97-55d76a43d57e

Velkushanova, K. (2011) Characterisation of wastes towards sustainable landfilling by some physical and mechanical properties with an emphasis on solid particles compressibility. University of Southampton, Faculty of Engineering and the Environment, Doctoral Thesis, 272pp.

Record type: Thesis (Doctoral)

Abstract

The EU landfill directive requires the amount of wastes going to landfills to be reduced significantly in compliance with the sustainable waste management principles. However, the disposal has been and will continue to play a significant role, and the overall aim is an improved design and operation of the landfill sites, and reduction of their negative environmental impact towards sustainable landfilling. Waste has been recognised by other researchers as the primary structural element in landfills; therefore for better understanding of its behaviour, the physical and engineering properties of its components must be well known. The main aspect of this research was focused on investigation of particle compressibility and its effect on the overall compressibility and settlement of the waste body. A methodology to measure particle compressibility in saturated conditions at various stress levels was developed, using synthetic deformable materials and mechanically-biologically treated (MBT) waste. MBT waste sample with particle size reduced to 9 mm showed a response to loading similar to soils, hence soil mechanics principles will be applicable. Simultaneously, a categorisation of different types of pre-treated wastes was carried out by some of their physical and geometrical properties. The results were interconnected into a newly developed waste classification system, which allowed an assessment and comparison of their geomechanical and flow properties, and predict to some extent their future behaviour in landfills. About a third of the MBT samples by mass comprised a matrix (fine material of <5 mm) into which the larger particles were embedded. The large 2D elements (mainly presented by plastics, glass and metal foils) will play an important role for stability and flow transportation, taking about 25% by mass. On one hand, they will have a reinforcing effect but on the other, they will modify, divert, or impede the flow paths in the waste which may result in reduced permeability or preferential flows. Highly compressible synthetic materials were also used to simulate the deformable materials in landfills (such as hollow 3D elements). They tend to embed into each other and form a horizontal highly dense structure which reduces significantly or completely the volume of voids. In large scale, this will lead to modified or blocked the flow paths and hence reduce the flow rates and impede the flushing of contaminants in landfills. Compressible particles reach their maximum compressibility at certain stress thresholds and progressively change their shape from 3D compressible to 2D incompressible. At the end of the study, a simplified phase relationship model was suggested, considering changes in the solid phase due to both particle compressibility and decomposition. The applicability of the conventional effective stress theory on highly compressible materials was questioned as well.

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Published date: November 2011
Organisations: University of Southampton, Civil Maritime & Env. Eng & Sci Unit

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 349013
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/349013
PURE UUID: 5685bb65-9c97-4636-b0a8-bf098fc477eb

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Date deposited: 02 Jul 2013 15:41
Last modified: 11 Dec 2019 17:31

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Contributors

Author: K. Velkushanova
Thesis advisor: David Richards

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