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Impact of channel geometry and rotation on the trapping of internal tides

Impact of channel geometry and rotation on the trapping of internal tides
Impact of channel geometry and rotation on the trapping of internal tides
The generation and propagation of internal tides has been studied with an isopycnic three-dimensional ocean model. The response of a uniformly stratified sea in a channel, which is forced by a barotropic tide on its open boundary, is considered. The tide progresses into the channel and forces internal tides over a continental slope at the other end. The channel has a length of 1200 km and a width of 191.25 km. The bottom profile has been varied. In a series of four experiments it is shown how the cross-channel geometry affects the propagation and trapping of internal tides, and the penetration scale of wave energy, away from the continental slope, is discussed. In particular it is found that a cross-channel bottom slope constrains the penetration of the internal tidal energy. Most internal waves refract toward a cross-channel plane where they are trapped. The exception is formed by edge waves that carry part of the energy away from the continental slope. In the case of rotation near the continental slope, the Poincaré waves that arise in the absence of a cross-channel slope no longer bear the characteristics of the wave attractor predicted by 2D theory, but are almost completely arrested, while the right-bound Kelvin wave preserves the 2D attractor in the cross-channel plane, which is present in the nonrotating case. The reflected, barotropic right-bound Kelvin wave acts as a secondary internal wave generator along the cross-channel slope.
tides, ocean models, waves, oceanic, kelvin waves
0022-3670
2740-2763
Drijfhout, Sybren
a5c76079-179b-490c-93fe-fc0391aacf13
Maas, Leo R.M.
675537b0-c495-4fe1-9bd0-d20bc54bc454
Drijfhout, Sybren
a5c76079-179b-490c-93fe-fc0391aacf13
Maas, Leo R.M.
675537b0-c495-4fe1-9bd0-d20bc54bc454

Drijfhout, Sybren and Maas, Leo R.M. (2007) Impact of channel geometry and rotation on the trapping of internal tides. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 37 (11), 2740-2763. (doi:10.1175/2007JPO3586.1).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The generation and propagation of internal tides has been studied with an isopycnic three-dimensional ocean model. The response of a uniformly stratified sea in a channel, which is forced by a barotropic tide on its open boundary, is considered. The tide progresses into the channel and forces internal tides over a continental slope at the other end. The channel has a length of 1200 km and a width of 191.25 km. The bottom profile has been varied. In a series of four experiments it is shown how the cross-channel geometry affects the propagation and trapping of internal tides, and the penetration scale of wave energy, away from the continental slope, is discussed. In particular it is found that a cross-channel bottom slope constrains the penetration of the internal tidal energy. Most internal waves refract toward a cross-channel plane where they are trapped. The exception is formed by edge waves that carry part of the energy away from the continental slope. In the case of rotation near the continental slope, the Poincaré waves that arise in the absence of a cross-channel slope no longer bear the characteristics of the wave attractor predicted by 2D theory, but are almost completely arrested, while the right-bound Kelvin wave preserves the 2D attractor in the cross-channel plane, which is present in the nonrotating case. The reflected, barotropic right-bound Kelvin wave acts as a secondary internal wave generator along the cross-channel slope.

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More information

Published date: November 2007
Keywords: tides, ocean models, waves, oceanic, kelvin waves
Organisations: Ocean and Earth Science

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Local EPrints ID: 349145
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/349145
ISSN: 0022-3670
PURE UUID: b0ee9ed4-2a59-40d2-a83d-c111cec0fcd5

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Date deposited: 26 Feb 2013 10:20
Last modified: 08 Jan 2022 12:04

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Author: Leo R.M. Maas

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