"Pauncefote, Julian, Baron Pauncefote (1828-1902)"
The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
Oxford University Press
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Pauncefote, Julian, Baron Pauncefote (1828–1902), lawyer and diplomatist, was born on 13 September 1828 at Munich, Bavaria, the third and youngest son of Robert Pauncefote (formerly Smith; 1788–1843) of Preston Court, Preston, Gloucestershire, and his wife, Emma Smith (d. 1853), daughter of John Raphael Smith, artist and engraver. His father, who had inherited Preston Court from Sir George Pauncefote of Stoke Hall, had sufficient means for the family to spend much of their time abroad, and the young Pauncefote grew up fluent in French and able to understand both German (which he did not speak) and Italian.
His first school was in Passy, France, where instruction was entirely in French; his second was the Pensionnat Janin, Geneva. However, after 1840 the family spent more time in England and in 1843 his father died. In August 1843, when he was nearly fifteen, Pauncefote was one of the first 218 pupils enrolled at Marlborough College, Marlborough, Wiltshire, the decidedly robust environment of which, in his biographer's words, ‘helped to fortify his solid English character and sound common sense’ (Mowat, 6). Appointed a prefect in 1844, he left in the summer of 1845, intended, like his brother Bernard, for a career in the Indian army.
He was commissioned in the Madras light infantry but did not serve; the death of his eldest brother, Robert, in 1847 caused him instead to stay in London and to read for the bar at the Inner Temple.
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