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The influence of expertise on maritime driving behaviour

The influence of expertise on maritime driving behaviour
The influence of expertise on maritime driving behaviour
We compared expert and novice behaviour in a group of participants as they engaged in a simulated maritime driving task. We varied the difficulty of the driving task by controlling the severity of the sea state in which they were driving their craft. Increases in sea severity increased the size of the upcoming waves while also decreasing the distance between consecutive waves. Expert participants drove their craft at a higher speed than novices, and decreased their fixation durations as wave severity increased. Furthermore, the expert participants increased the horizontal spread of their fixation positions as wave severity increased to a greater degree than novices. Conversely, novice participants showed evidence of a greater vertical spread of fixations than experts. By connecting our findings with previous research investigating eye movement behaviour and road driving, we suggest that novice or inexperienced drivers show inflexibility in adaptation to changing driving conditions.
0888-4080
483-492
Godwin, Hayward J.
df22dc0c-01d1-440a-a369-a763801851e5
Hyde, Stuart
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Taunton, Dominic
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Calver, James
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Blake, James I.R.
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Liversedge, Simon P.
3ebda3f3-d930-4f89-85d5-5654d8fe7dee
Godwin, Hayward J.
df22dc0c-01d1-440a-a369-a763801851e5
Hyde, Stuart
250c8794-2190-4b3e-83c6-7c6f40698d72
Taunton, Dominic
10bfbe83-c4c2-49c6-94c0-2de8098c648c
Calver, James
276daa2f-9e18-4f2d-b045-f7140d13dc84
Blake, James I.R.
6afa420d-0936-4acc-861b-36885406c891
Liversedge, Simon P.
3ebda3f3-d930-4f89-85d5-5654d8fe7dee

Godwin, Hayward J., Hyde, Stuart, Taunton, Dominic, Calver, James, Blake, James I.R. and Liversedge, Simon P. (2013) The influence of expertise on maritime driving behaviour. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 27 (4), 483-492. (doi:10.1002/acp.2925).

Record type: Article

Abstract

We compared expert and novice behaviour in a group of participants as they engaged in a simulated maritime driving task. We varied the difficulty of the driving task by controlling the severity of the sea state in which they were driving their craft. Increases in sea severity increased the size of the upcoming waves while also decreasing the distance between consecutive waves. Expert participants drove their craft at a higher speed than novices, and decreased their fixation durations as wave severity increased. Furthermore, the expert participants increased the horizontal spread of their fixation positions as wave severity increased to a greater degree than novices. Conversely, novice participants showed evidence of a greater vertical spread of fixations than experts. By connecting our findings with previous research investigating eye movement behaviour and road driving, we suggest that novice or inexperienced drivers show inflexibility in adaptation to changing driving conditions.

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e-pub ahead of print date: 1 May 2013
Published date: July 2013
Venue - Dates: ISOPE 2012, rhodes, Greece, 2012-06-16 - 2012-06-22
Organisations: Psychology, Civil Maritime & Env. Eng & Sci Unit, Fluid Structure Interactions Group

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 350629
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/350629
ISSN: 0888-4080
PURE UUID: aab8beaa-9286-40a4-acbd-baf9bcefc126
ORCID for Dominic Taunton: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-6865-089X
ORCID for James I.R. Blake: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-5291-8233

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Date deposited: 04 Apr 2013 10:13
Last modified: 09 Jan 2022 02:57

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Contributors

Author: Stuart Hyde
Author: Dominic Taunton ORCID iD
Author: James Calver
Author: Simon P. Liversedge

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