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Origin of orbital periods in the sedimentary relative paleointensity records

Origin of orbital periods in the sedimentary relative paleointensity records
Origin of orbital periods in the sedimentary relative paleointensity records
Orbital cycles with 100 kyr and/or 41 kyr periods, detected in some sedimentary normalized remanence (relative paleointensity) records by power spectral analysis or wavelet analysis, have been attributed either to orbital forcing of the geodynamo, or to lithologic contamination. In this study, local wavelet power spectra (LWPS) with significance tests have been calculated for seven relative paleointensity (RPI) records from different regions of the world. The results indicate that orbital periods (100 kyr and/or 41 kyr) are significant in some RPI records during certain time intervals, and are not significant in others. Time intervals where orbital periods are significant are not consistent among the RPI records, implying that orbital periods in these RPI records may not have a common origin such as orbital forcing on the geodynamo. Cross-wavelet power spectra (|XWT|) and squared wavelet coherence (WTC) between RPI records and orbital parameters further indicate that common power exists at orbital periods but is not significantly coherent, and exhibits variable phase relationships, implying that orbital periods in RPI records are not caused directly by orbital forcing. Similar analyses for RPI records and benthic oxygen isotope records from the same sites show significant coherence and constant in-phase relationships during time intervals where orbital periods were significant in the RPI records, indicating that orbital periods in the RPI records are most likely due to climatic ‘contamination’. Although common power exists at orbital periods for RPI records and their normalizers with significant coherence during certain time intervals, phase relationships imply that ‘contamination’ (at orbital periods) is not directly due to the normalizers. Orbital periods are also significant in the NRM intensity records, and ‘contamination’ in RPI records can be attributed to incomplete normalization of the NRM records. Further tests indicate that ‘contamination’ is apparently not directly related to physical properties such as density or carbonate content, or to the grain size proxy κARM/κ. However, WTC between RPI records and the grain size proxy ARM/IRM implies that ARM/IRM does reflect the ‘contamination’ in some RPI records. It appears that orbital periods were introduced into the NRM records (and have not been normalized when calculating RPI records) through magnetite grain size variations reflected in the ARM/IRM grain size proxy. The orbital power in ARM/IRM for some North Atlantic sites is probably derived from bottom-current velocity variations that are orbitally modulated and are related to the vigor of thermohaline circulation and the production of North Atlantic Deep Water (NADW). In the case of ODP Site 983, the orbital power in RPI appears to exhibit a shift from 41-kyr to 100-kyr period at the mid-Pleistocene climate transition (~750 ka), reinforcing the climatic origin of these orbital periods. RPI records from the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, and RPI records with orbital periods eliminated by band-pass filters, are highly comparable with each other in the time domain, and are coherent and in-phase in time-frequency space, especially at non-orbital periods, indicating that ‘contamination’, although present (at orbital periods) is not debilitating to these RPI records as a global signal that is primarily of geomagnetic origin.
geomagnetic paleointensity, orbital periods, wavelet analysis
0031-9201
140-151
Xuan, Chuang
3f3cad12-b17b-46ae-957a-b362def5b837
Channell, James E.T.
55b6c1cc-76e7-4ca5-8186-d9111b9b5158
Xuan, Chuang
3f3cad12-b17b-46ae-957a-b362def5b837
Channell, James E.T.
55b6c1cc-76e7-4ca5-8186-d9111b9b5158

Xuan, Chuang and Channell, James E.T. (2008) Origin of orbital periods in the sedimentary relative paleointensity records. [in special issue: Palaeomagnetism and the Earth's Deep Interior] Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 169 (1-4), 140-151. (doi:10.1016/j.pepi.2008.07.017).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Orbital cycles with 100 kyr and/or 41 kyr periods, detected in some sedimentary normalized remanence (relative paleointensity) records by power spectral analysis or wavelet analysis, have been attributed either to orbital forcing of the geodynamo, or to lithologic contamination. In this study, local wavelet power spectra (LWPS) with significance tests have been calculated for seven relative paleointensity (RPI) records from different regions of the world. The results indicate that orbital periods (100 kyr and/or 41 kyr) are significant in some RPI records during certain time intervals, and are not significant in others. Time intervals where orbital periods are significant are not consistent among the RPI records, implying that orbital periods in these RPI records may not have a common origin such as orbital forcing on the geodynamo. Cross-wavelet power spectra (|XWT|) and squared wavelet coherence (WTC) between RPI records and orbital parameters further indicate that common power exists at orbital periods but is not significantly coherent, and exhibits variable phase relationships, implying that orbital periods in RPI records are not caused directly by orbital forcing. Similar analyses for RPI records and benthic oxygen isotope records from the same sites show significant coherence and constant in-phase relationships during time intervals where orbital periods were significant in the RPI records, indicating that orbital periods in the RPI records are most likely due to climatic ‘contamination’. Although common power exists at orbital periods for RPI records and their normalizers with significant coherence during certain time intervals, phase relationships imply that ‘contamination’ (at orbital periods) is not directly due to the normalizers. Orbital periods are also significant in the NRM intensity records, and ‘contamination’ in RPI records can be attributed to incomplete normalization of the NRM records. Further tests indicate that ‘contamination’ is apparently not directly related to physical properties such as density or carbonate content, or to the grain size proxy κARM/κ. However, WTC between RPI records and the grain size proxy ARM/IRM implies that ARM/IRM does reflect the ‘contamination’ in some RPI records. It appears that orbital periods were introduced into the NRM records (and have not been normalized when calculating RPI records) through magnetite grain size variations reflected in the ARM/IRM grain size proxy. The orbital power in ARM/IRM for some North Atlantic sites is probably derived from bottom-current velocity variations that are orbitally modulated and are related to the vigor of thermohaline circulation and the production of North Atlantic Deep Water (NADW). In the case of ODP Site 983, the orbital power in RPI appears to exhibit a shift from 41-kyr to 100-kyr period at the mid-Pleistocene climate transition (~750 ka), reinforcing the climatic origin of these orbital periods. RPI records from the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, and RPI records with orbital periods eliminated by band-pass filters, are highly comparable with each other in the time domain, and are coherent and in-phase in time-frequency space, especially at non-orbital periods, indicating that ‘contamination’, although present (at orbital periods) is not debilitating to these RPI records as a global signal that is primarily of geomagnetic origin.

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More information

Published date: August 2008
Keywords: geomagnetic paleointensity, orbital periods, wavelet analysis
Organisations: Ocean and Earth Science

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 351195
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/351195
ISSN: 0031-9201
PURE UUID: 73a0e119-ed48-453c-aada-a9f74089d6c6
ORCID for Chuang Xuan: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-4043-3073

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 16 Apr 2013 10:09
Last modified: 29 Oct 2019 01:37

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