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Influence of starvation time on formation and stability of aerobic granules in sequencing batch reactors

Influence of starvation time on formation and stability of aerobic granules in sequencing batch reactors
Influence of starvation time on formation and stability of aerobic granules in sequencing batch reactors
Three sequencing batch reactors, R1, R2 and R3, with a 1.5-h, 4-h and 8-h cycle time, respectively, were used to cultivate aerobic granules with the same synthetic wastewater containing 1000 mg l?1 COD. As the initial COD concentrations in the cycles were the same, three different cycle times led to three different starvation times in repeated cycles of the three reactors. It was found that 63 cycles were needed to form granules with the longest starvation time in R3 while it took 256 cycles in R1 with the shortest starvation time. However, as far as the formation time was concerned, granules were formed on day 16 with 1.5-h cycle time while on day 21 with 8-h cycle time, which indicated that a shorter cycle time with a shorter starvation time speeded up the granulation. This was mainly due to the stronger hydraulic selection pressure at shorter cycle time. However, it was found that granules formed with cycle time of 1.5 h were unstable. Fluffy granules with poor settling ability were observed in R1 in the 4th month, which led to the collapse of R1 after 160-day of operation. Granules in R2 and R3 showed good stability during the long-term operation. Therefore, a reasonable starvation time was necessary to maintain the long-term stability of aerobic granules
0960-8524
980-985
Liu, Yong-Qiang
75adc6f8-aa83-484e-9e87-6c8442e344fa
Tay, Joo-Hwa
1bd3ce87-355e-460f-835b-56cb81f3a1b0
Liu, Yong-Qiang
75adc6f8-aa83-484e-9e87-6c8442e344fa
Tay, Joo-Hwa
1bd3ce87-355e-460f-835b-56cb81f3a1b0

Liu, Yong-Qiang and Tay, Joo-Hwa (2008) Influence of starvation time on formation and stability of aerobic granules in sequencing batch reactors. Bioresource Technology, 99 (5), 980-985. (doi:10.1016/j.biortech.2007.03.011).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Three sequencing batch reactors, R1, R2 and R3, with a 1.5-h, 4-h and 8-h cycle time, respectively, were used to cultivate aerobic granules with the same synthetic wastewater containing 1000 mg l?1 COD. As the initial COD concentrations in the cycles were the same, three different cycle times led to three different starvation times in repeated cycles of the three reactors. It was found that 63 cycles were needed to form granules with the longest starvation time in R3 while it took 256 cycles in R1 with the shortest starvation time. However, as far as the formation time was concerned, granules were formed on day 16 with 1.5-h cycle time while on day 21 with 8-h cycle time, which indicated that a shorter cycle time with a shorter starvation time speeded up the granulation. This was mainly due to the stronger hydraulic selection pressure at shorter cycle time. However, it was found that granules formed with cycle time of 1.5 h were unstable. Fluffy granules with poor settling ability were observed in R1 in the 4th month, which led to the collapse of R1 after 160-day of operation. Granules in R2 and R3 showed good stability during the long-term operation. Therefore, a reasonable starvation time was necessary to maintain the long-term stability of aerobic granules

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Published date: March 2008
Organisations: Civil Maritime & Env. Eng & Sci Unit

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 351889
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/351889
ISSN: 0960-8524
PURE UUID: 212fcf20-8617-4b83-bee7-a896859be389

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Date deposited: 25 Apr 2013 14:44
Last modified: 16 Jul 2019 21:35

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Author: Yong-Qiang Liu
Author: Joo-Hwa Tay

University divisions

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