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“Craving”: exploring the components of the desires for alcohol questionnaire (DAQ) and the relation to the severity of alcohol problems

“Craving”: exploring the components of the desires for alcohol questionnaire (DAQ) and the relation to the severity of alcohol problems
“Craving”: exploring the components of the desires for alcohol questionnaire (DAQ) and the relation to the severity of alcohol problems
Objective: the aims of this study were: 1) to explore the components of craving, as measured by the Desires for Alcohol Questionnaire (DAQ); and 2) to examine how craving may relate to the severity of alcohol problems.

Method: 106 patients seeking treatment for an alcohol use disorder (AUD) completed the DAQ and Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT). The overall sample was predominantly male (63%) with a mean age of 44 years. 61% of the participants were abstinent from alcohol at the time of the study. Principal components analysis was conducted on the DAQ for the overall, abstinent and currently drinking samples. Correlations were computed between the DAQ and AUDIT scores, and differences in craving between the abstinent and currently drinking samples were investigated.

Results: components of craving, as measured by the DAQ, included the desire to drink, the ability to control drinking, positive reinforcement and negative reinforcement. Drinkers displayed stronger cravings (Mdn=47.00, IQR=32.0 – 65.0) than those currently abstinent (Mdn=33.00, IQR=26.0 – 43.0; U=850.0, z=3.127, p<.01, r=0.30). Intensity of craving increases with severity of an AUD in current drinkers (r=.739, p<.001).

Conclusions: due to the small sample size, the results of the study should be regarded as preliminary. The components of craving, as measured by the DAQ, support those previously identified in the literature. The study supports the notion that craving is positively associated with the severity of an alcohol use disorder
1937-1888
950-955
Pasche, S.
5ba93338-2a97-43a7-8246-0edc3ac96665
Garner, M.
3221c5b3-b951-4fec-b456-ec449e4ce072
Baldwin, D.S.
1beaa192-0ef1-4914-897a-3a49fc2ed15e
Sinclair, J.M.A.
be3e54d5-c6da-4950-b0ba-3cb8cdcab13c
Pasche, S.
5ba93338-2a97-43a7-8246-0edc3ac96665
Garner, M.
3221c5b3-b951-4fec-b456-ec449e4ce072
Baldwin, D.S.
1beaa192-0ef1-4914-897a-3a49fc2ed15e
Sinclair, J.M.A.
be3e54d5-c6da-4950-b0ba-3cb8cdcab13c

Pasche, S., Garner, M., Baldwin, D.S. and Sinclair, J.M.A. (2013) “Craving”: exploring the components of the desires for alcohol questionnaire (DAQ) and the relation to the severity of alcohol problems. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 74 (6), 950-955. (doi:10.15288/jsad.2013.74.950). (PMID:24172123)

Record type: Article

Abstract

Objective: the aims of this study were: 1) to explore the components of craving, as measured by the Desires for Alcohol Questionnaire (DAQ); and 2) to examine how craving may relate to the severity of alcohol problems.

Method: 106 patients seeking treatment for an alcohol use disorder (AUD) completed the DAQ and Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT). The overall sample was predominantly male (63%) with a mean age of 44 years. 61% of the participants were abstinent from alcohol at the time of the study. Principal components analysis was conducted on the DAQ for the overall, abstinent and currently drinking samples. Correlations were computed between the DAQ and AUDIT scores, and differences in craving between the abstinent and currently drinking samples were investigated.

Results: components of craving, as measured by the DAQ, included the desire to drink, the ability to control drinking, positive reinforcement and negative reinforcement. Drinkers displayed stronger cravings (Mdn=47.00, IQR=32.0 – 65.0) than those currently abstinent (Mdn=33.00, IQR=26.0 – 43.0; U=850.0, z=3.127, p<.01, r=0.30). Intensity of craving increases with severity of an AUD in current drinkers (r=.739, p<.001).

Conclusions: due to the small sample size, the results of the study should be regarded as preliminary. The components of craving, as measured by the DAQ, support those previously identified in the literature. The study supports the notion that craving is positively associated with the severity of an alcohol use disorder

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Accepted/In Press date: 10 April 2013
Published date: November 2013
Organisations: Faculty of Medicine

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 352119
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/352119
ISSN: 1937-1888
PURE UUID: 8fd8fa8c-2b54-4426-9792-09f1d9c41ac2
ORCID for D.S. Baldwin: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-3343-0907
ORCID for J.M.A. Sinclair: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-1905-2025

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Date deposited: 02 May 2013 11:09
Last modified: 18 Feb 2021 16:44

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Contributors

Author: S. Pasche
Author: M. Garner
Author: D.S. Baldwin ORCID iD
Author: J.M.A. Sinclair ORCID iD

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