Simpson, John and Howlett, Darryl
The 1990 NPT Review Conference
Survival, 32, (4), . (doi:10.1080/00396339008442544).
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On 20 August 1990, delegates will assemble in Geneva for the fourth
Review Conference of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear
Weapons (NPT). In the five years since the third Review Conference,
there has been no case of overt nuclear proliferation, and fears regarding
the intentions of at least three states (Argentina, Brazil and South Africa)
have abated. At the same time, the context in which the Treaty operates
has been subject to considerable change: the nuclear-energy industry is in
recession; the superpowers have signed the Intermediate-range Nuclear
Forces (INF) Treaty and are near a Strategic Arms Reduction (START)
agreement; nuclear submarines and ballistic missiles have been transferred
to non-nuclear-weapon states (NNWS); and additional
countries, such as North Korea, have become the focus of concern
regarding proliferation. The 1990 Review Conference will thus have
both new issues to discuss and old ones to reconsider.
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