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Global warming, elevational ranges and the vulnerability of tropical biota

Global warming, elevational ranges and the vulnerability of tropical biota
Global warming, elevational ranges and the vulnerability of tropical biota
Tropical species with narrow elevational ranges may be thermally specialized and vulnerable to global warming. Local studies of distributions along elevational gradients reveal small-scale patterns but do not allow generalizations among geographic regions or taxa. We critically assessed data from 249 studies of species elevational distributions in the American, African, and Asia-Pacific tropics. Of these, 150 had sufficient data quality, sampling intensity, elevational range, and freedom from serious habitat disturbance to permit robust across-study comparisons. We found four main patterns: (1) species classified as elevational specialists (upper- or lower-zone specialists) are relatively more frequent in the American than Asia-Pacific tropics, with African tropics being intermediate; (2) elevational specialists are rare on islands, especially oceanic and smaller continental islands, largely due to a paucity of upper-zone specialists; (3) a relatively high proportion of plants and ectothermic vertebrates (amphibians and reptiles) are upper-zone specialists; and (4) relatively few endothermic vertebrates (birds and mammals) are upper-zone specialists. Understanding these broad-scale trends will help identify taxa and geographic regions vulnerable to global warming and highlight future research priorities.
africa, asia-pacific, biodiversity, climate change, elevational range, endemism, gxtinction, global warming, montane areas, neotropics, thermal tolerance, tropical ecosystems
0006-3207
548-557
Laurance, William F.
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Carolina Useche, D.
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Shoo, Luke P.
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Herzog, Sebastian K.
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Kessler, Michael
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Escobar, Federico
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Brehm, Gunnar
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Axmacher, Jan C.
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Peh, Kelvin S.-H.
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Richardson, Michael
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Samways, Michael J.
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Senbeta, Feyera
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Smith, Thomas B.
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Utteridge, Timothy M.A.
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Wilson, Rohan
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Williams, Stephen E.
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Thomas, Chris D.
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Laurance, William F.
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Carolina Useche, D.
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Shoo, Luke P.
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Herzog, Sebastian K.
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Kessler, Michael
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Brehm, Gunnar
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Axmacher, Jan C.
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Chen, I-Ching
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Gámez, Lucrecia Arellano
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Hietz, Peter
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Pyrcz, Tomasz
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Wolf, Jan
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Merkord, Christopher L.
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Cardelus, Catherine
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Marshall, Andrew R.
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Ah-Peng, Claudine
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Aplet, Gregory H.
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Arizmendi, M. del Coro
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Barone, John
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Cicuzza, Daniele
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Eilu, Gerald
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Favila, Mario E.
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Hemp, Andreas
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Hemp, Claudia
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Homeier, Jürgen
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Hurtado, Johanna
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Jankowski, Jill
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Lehnert, Marcus
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Longino, John T.
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Lovett, Jon
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Martin, Patrick H.
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Pearson, Richard G.
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Peh, Kelvin S.-H.
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Richardson, Barbara
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Richardson, Michael
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Samways, Michael J.
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Senbeta, Feyera
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Smith, Thomas B.
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Utteridge, Timothy M.A.
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Watkins, James E.
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Wilson, Rohan
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Williams, Stephen E.
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Thomas, Chris D.
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Laurance, William F., Carolina Useche, D., Shoo, Luke P., Herzog, Sebastian K., Kessler, Michael, Escobar, Federico, Brehm, Gunnar, Axmacher, Jan C., Chen, I-Ching, Gámez, Lucrecia Arellano, Hietz, Peter, Fiedler, Konrad, Pyrcz, Tomasz, Wolf, Jan, Merkord, Christopher L., Cardelus, Catherine, Marshall, Andrew R., Ah-Peng, Claudine, Aplet, Gregory H., Arizmendi, M. del Coro, Baker, William J., Barone, John, Brühl, Carstone A., Bussmann, Rainer W., Cicuzza, Daniele, Eilu, Gerald, Favila, Mario E., Hemp, Andreas, Hemp, Claudia, Homeier, Jürgen, Hurtado, Johanna, Jankowski, Jill, Kattán, Gustavo, Kluge, Jürgen, Krömer, Thorsten, Lees, David C., Lehnert, Marcus, Longino, John T., Lovett, Jon, Martin, Patrick H., Patterson, Bruce D., Pearson, Richard G., Peh, Kelvin S.-H., Richardson, Barbara, Richardson, Michael, Samways, Michael J., Senbeta, Feyera, Smith, Thomas B., Utteridge, Timothy M.A., Watkins, James E., Wilson, Rohan, Williams, Stephen E. and Thomas, Chris D. (2011) Global warming, elevational ranges and the vulnerability of tropical biota. Biological Conservation, 144 (1), 548-557. (doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2010.10.010).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Tropical species with narrow elevational ranges may be thermally specialized and vulnerable to global warming. Local studies of distributions along elevational gradients reveal small-scale patterns but do not allow generalizations among geographic regions or taxa. We critically assessed data from 249 studies of species elevational distributions in the American, African, and Asia-Pacific tropics. Of these, 150 had sufficient data quality, sampling intensity, elevational range, and freedom from serious habitat disturbance to permit robust across-study comparisons. We found four main patterns: (1) species classified as elevational specialists (upper- or lower-zone specialists) are relatively more frequent in the American than Asia-Pacific tropics, with African tropics being intermediate; (2) elevational specialists are rare on islands, especially oceanic and smaller continental islands, largely due to a paucity of upper-zone specialists; (3) a relatively high proportion of plants and ectothermic vertebrates (amphibians and reptiles) are upper-zone specialists; and (4) relatively few endothermic vertebrates (birds and mammals) are upper-zone specialists. Understanding these broad-scale trends will help identify taxa and geographic regions vulnerable to global warming and highlight future research priorities.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

e-pub ahead of print date: 10 November 2010
Published date: January 2011
Keywords: africa, asia-pacific, biodiversity, climate change, elevational range, endemism, gxtinction, global warming, montane areas, neotropics, thermal tolerance, tropical ecosystems
Organisations: Centre for Biological Sciences

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 352979
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/352979
ISSN: 0006-3207
PURE UUID: 8f8ff4a5-663b-4a47-9cc2-10a37b3dfe3a
ORCID for Kelvin S.-H. Peh: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-2921-1341

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 22 May 2013 12:54
Last modified: 17 Dec 2019 01:37

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Contributors

Author: William F. Laurance
Author: D. Carolina Useche
Author: Luke P. Shoo
Author: Sebastian K. Herzog
Author: Michael Kessler
Author: Federico Escobar
Author: Gunnar Brehm
Author: Jan C. Axmacher
Author: I-Ching Chen
Author: Lucrecia Arellano Gámez
Author: Peter Hietz
Author: Konrad Fiedler
Author: Tomasz Pyrcz
Author: Jan Wolf
Author: Christopher L. Merkord
Author: Catherine Cardelus
Author: Andrew R. Marshall
Author: Claudine Ah-Peng
Author: Gregory H. Aplet
Author: M. del Coro Arizmendi
Author: William J. Baker
Author: John Barone
Author: Carstone A. Brühl
Author: Rainer W. Bussmann
Author: Daniele Cicuzza
Author: Gerald Eilu
Author: Mario E. Favila
Author: Andreas Hemp
Author: Claudia Hemp
Author: Jürgen Homeier
Author: Johanna Hurtado
Author: Jill Jankowski
Author: Gustavo Kattán
Author: Jürgen Kluge
Author: Thorsten Krömer
Author: David C. Lees
Author: Marcus Lehnert
Author: John T. Longino
Author: Jon Lovett
Author: Patrick H. Martin
Author: Bruce D. Patterson
Author: Richard G. Pearson
Author: Barbara Richardson
Author: Michael Richardson
Author: Michael J. Samways
Author: Feyera Senbeta
Author: Thomas B. Smith
Author: Timothy M.A. Utteridge
Author: James E. Watkins
Author: Rohan Wilson
Author: Stephen E. Williams
Author: Chris D. Thomas

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