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Models of models: filtering and bias rings in depiction of knowledge structures and their implications for design

Models of models: filtering and bias rings in depiction of knowledge structures and their implications for design
Models of models: filtering and bias rings in depiction of knowledge structures and their implications for design
Mental models are poorly specified in three ways: in their defining criteria, their source and the bias to which they have been subjected. Literature from psychology, HCI and human factors sources was reviewed to determine the utility of 'mental models' as a design tool. The definitions and theories offered by key contributors to the notion of mental models were compared. Schematics, representing both the knowledge structures proposed in cognitive processing, as well as the layers of bias evident when forming or accessing mental models, were constructed. Fundamental similarities and differences in the use of this notion, as well as ambiguities in definition, were highlighted graphically. The need for specificity in the use of mental models was emphasised as essential for pragmatic application in design. The use of graphical comparison was proposed as a means of identifying the risk of bias and a means to categorise approaches to mental model research.
mental models, design, schema, schematic, knowledge structure, bias, filtering information
1366-5847
1073-1092
Revell, Kirsten M.A.
e80fedfc-3022-45b5-bcea-5a19d5d28ea0
Stanton, Neville A.
351a44ab-09a0-422a-a738-01df1fe0fadd
Revell, Kirsten M.A.
e80fedfc-3022-45b5-bcea-5a19d5d28ea0
Stanton, Neville A.
351a44ab-09a0-422a-a738-01df1fe0fadd

Revell, Kirsten M.A. and Stanton, Neville A. (2012) Models of models: filtering and bias rings in depiction of knowledge structures and their implications for design Ergonomics, 55, (9), pp. 1073-1092. (doi:10.1080/00140139.2012.692818). (PMID:22804811).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Mental models are poorly specified in three ways: in their defining criteria, their source and the bias to which they have been subjected. Literature from psychology, HCI and human factors sources was reviewed to determine the utility of 'mental models' as a design tool. The definitions and theories offered by key contributors to the notion of mental models were compared. Schematics, representing both the knowledge structures proposed in cognitive processing, as well as the layers of bias evident when forming or accessing mental models, were constructed. Fundamental similarities and differences in the use of this notion, as well as ambiguities in definition, were highlighted graphically. The need for specificity in the use of mental models was emphasised as essential for pragmatic application in design. The use of graphical comparison was proposed as a means of identifying the risk of bias and a means to categorise approaches to mental model research.

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More information

e-pub ahead of print date: 17 July 2012
Published date: 2012
Keywords: mental models, design, schema, schematic, knowledge structure, bias, filtering information
Organisations: Faculty of Engineering and the Environment

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 353336
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/353336
ISSN: 1366-5847
PURE UUID: a170e01c-94cf-4c5d-9916-c52a5db87984

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Date deposited: 05 Jun 2013 11:44
Last modified: 03 Oct 2017 16:40

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