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Estimating the causal effect of alcohol consumption on well-being for a cross-section of 9 former Soviet Union countries

Estimating the causal effect of alcohol consumption on well-being for a cross-section of 9 former Soviet Union countries
Estimating the causal effect of alcohol consumption on well-being for a cross-section of 9 former Soviet Union countries
While the adverse health and economic consequences attributable to alcohol consumption are widely acknowledged, its impact on psychological wellbeing is less well understood. This is to a large extent due to the challenge of establishing causal effects of alcohol consumption when using standard single-equation econometric analyses. Using a unique dataset collected in 2010/11 of 18,000 individuals and also community characteristics from nine countries of the former Soviet Union, a region with a major burden of alcohol related ill health, we address this problem by employing an instrumental variable approach to identify any causal effects of alcohol consumption on mental well-being. The availability of 24-h alcohol sales outlets in the neighbourhood of the individuals is used as an instrument, based on theoretical reasoning and statistical testing of its validity. We find that increased alcohol consumption decreases well-being and that ignoring endogeneity leads to underestimation of this effect. This finding adds a further and previously under-appreciated dimension to the expected benefits that could be achieved with more effective alcohol policy in this region.

former Soviet Union, alcohol consumption, well-being, instrumental variables, causal effects
0277-9536
1-7
Mentzakis, Emmanouil
c0922185-18c7-49c2-a659-8ee6d89b5d74
Marc, Suhrcke
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Bayard, Roberts
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Adrianna, Murphy
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Martin, McKee
f09e38c0-b98f-4362-9cba-020beef82aae
Mentzakis, Emmanouil
c0922185-18c7-49c2-a659-8ee6d89b5d74
Marc, Suhrcke
d680dba8-2860-4c82-8a98-69c6040c7ecc
Bayard, Roberts
5da600e3-0f49-454f-805b-5201bded2267
Adrianna, Murphy
969aafed-9cdf-45d2-b74a-f3d5f737d060
Martin, McKee
f09e38c0-b98f-4362-9cba-020beef82aae

Mentzakis, Emmanouil, Marc, Suhrcke, Bayard, Roberts, Adrianna, Murphy and Martin, McKee (2013) Estimating the causal effect of alcohol consumption on well-being for a cross-section of 9 former Soviet Union countries. Social Science & Medicine, 89, 1-7. (doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2013.04.019).

Record type: Article

Abstract

While the adverse health and economic consequences attributable to alcohol consumption are widely acknowledged, its impact on psychological wellbeing is less well understood. This is to a large extent due to the challenge of establishing causal effects of alcohol consumption when using standard single-equation econometric analyses. Using a unique dataset collected in 2010/11 of 18,000 individuals and also community characteristics from nine countries of the former Soviet Union, a region with a major burden of alcohol related ill health, we address this problem by employing an instrumental variable approach to identify any causal effects of alcohol consumption on mental well-being. The availability of 24-h alcohol sales outlets in the neighbourhood of the individuals is used as an instrument, based on theoretical reasoning and statistical testing of its validity. We find that increased alcohol consumption decreases well-being and that ignoring endogeneity leads to underestimation of this effect. This finding adds a further and previously under-appreciated dimension to the expected benefits that could be achieved with more effective alcohol policy in this region.

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Mentzakis et al, SSM 2013-eprints.pdf - Other
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More information

e-pub ahead of print date: April 2013
Published date: July 2013
Keywords: former Soviet Union, alcohol consumption, well-being, instrumental variables, causal effects
Organisations: Social Sciences

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 353809
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/353809
ISSN: 0277-9536
PURE UUID: 1e60f6c7-bd79-47b8-ba53-27b3102ee466
ORCID for Emmanouil Mentzakis: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-1761-209X

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 19 Jun 2013 09:56
Last modified: 21 Nov 2021 03:06

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Contributors

Author: Suhrcke Marc
Author: Roberts Bayard
Author: Murphy Adrianna
Author: McKee Martin

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