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With or without you: partnership context of first conceptions and births in Hungary

With or without you: partnership context of first conceptions and births in Hungary
With or without you: partnership context of first conceptions and births in Hungary
Using notions from the Second Demographic Transition theory and the Pattern of Disadvantage argument, I study how women’s risk of a first conception within different union types (single, cohabitation, marriage) is influenced by education in Hungary and whether this influence has changed over time. Additionally, I examine the transition to marriage among women who experienced a non-marital conception. Using the first wave of the Hungarian Generations and Gender Survey from 2004, I conduct discrete time survival analyses and logistic regression. I find a positive educational gradient for single and marital conceptions while this gradient is negative for cohabiting conceptions. Highly educated women are less likely to experience a conception when single or cohabiting than when married compared to their medium educated counterparts. Furthermore, the impact of education on the risk of a single and marital conception has changed over time. Following the transition in 1990, a positive gradient of education on the risk of a single conception emerged whereas for marital conceptions the effect of education is negative. No consistent patterns are found for cohabiting conceptions. Additionally, medium educated women and those who experienced a conception while being single are more likely to marry between the conception and birth than their lower educated counterparts and those who experienced a cohabiting conception. Furthermore, highly educated women who experience a single conception are 1.4 times as likely to marry before the birth of the first child as their counterparts with medium education.
first conception, first birth, partnership context, competing risks, Hungary
2042-4116
30
University of Southampton
Mikolai, Julia
68b2a009-add5-4e59-add3-d6530c34e21e
Mikolai, Julia
68b2a009-add5-4e59-add3-d6530c34e21e

Mikolai, Julia (2013) With or without you: partnership context of first conceptions and births in Hungary (ESRC Centre for Population Change Working Papers, 30) Southampton, GB. University of Southampton 30pp.

Record type: Monograph (Working Paper)

Abstract

Using notions from the Second Demographic Transition theory and the Pattern of Disadvantage argument, I study how women’s risk of a first conception within different union types (single, cohabitation, marriage) is influenced by education in Hungary and whether this influence has changed over time. Additionally, I examine the transition to marriage among women who experienced a non-marital conception. Using the first wave of the Hungarian Generations and Gender Survey from 2004, I conduct discrete time survival analyses and logistic regression. I find a positive educational gradient for single and marital conceptions while this gradient is negative for cohabiting conceptions. Highly educated women are less likely to experience a conception when single or cohabiting than when married compared to their medium educated counterparts. Furthermore, the impact of education on the risk of a single and marital conception has changed over time. Following the transition in 1990, a positive gradient of education on the risk of a single conception emerged whereas for marital conceptions the effect of education is negative. No consistent patterns are found for cohabiting conceptions. Additionally, medium educated women and those who experienced a conception while being single are more likely to marry between the conception and birth than their lower educated counterparts and those who experienced a cohabiting conception. Furthermore, highly educated women who experience a single conception are 1.4 times as likely to marry before the birth of the first child as their counterparts with medium education.

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More information

Published date: 1 February 2013
Keywords: first conception, first birth, partnership context, competing risks, Hungary
Organisations: Social Statistics & Demography, Centre for Population Change

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 354157
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/354157
ISSN: 2042-4116
PURE UUID: 937167e9-23f2-49b0-899a-1917c7dea605

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 03 Jul 2013 12:12
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 03:58

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Contributors

Author: Julia Mikolai

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