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Distribution, population structure, reproduction and diet of Ophiolimna antarctica (Lyman, 1879) from Kemp Caldera in the Southern Ocean

Record type: Article

A new population of Ophiolimna antarctica (Lyman, 1879) was discovered at 1546 m in Kemp Caldera, a topographic feature with active hydrothermal venting at the southern end of the South Sandwich Islands, Southern Ocean. The distribution, population structure, reproduction, and diet of O. antarctica were investigated. O. antarctica were found predominantly on basalt with an over-dispersed distribution. The mean density was 17 individuals m?2 with a range of 9–24 individuals m?2. There was a bimodal population structure, with separate juvenile and adult peaks. Sexes were separate and the sex ratio was not significantly different from equality. The maximum oocyte diameter was 520 ?m, suggesting direct or lecithotrophic development, whilst individual females reproduced asynchronously. Stomach contents included crustacean fragments, flocculate material, diatoms, forams, fish scales, and ophiuroid tissues and spines, which was indicative of omnivory. There was no apparent influence of hydrothermal vents <500 m away on the diet of Ophiolimna antarctica. The ecology of Ophiolimna antarctica is consistent with what is known for other Antarctic and deep-sea ophiuroid species.

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Boschen, Rachel E., Tyler, Paul A. and Copley, Jonathan T. (2013) Distribution, population structure, reproduction and diet of Ophiolimna antarctica (Lyman, 1879) from Kemp Caldera in the Southern Ocean Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 92, pp. 27-35. (doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2013.02.005).

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Published date: August 2013
Keywords: Deep sea, Ophiuroid, Antarctic, Reproduction, Diet, Distribution
Organisations: Ocean Biochemistry & Ecosystems


Local EPrints ID: 354203
ISSN: 0967-0645
PURE UUID: 6659d7ed-718b-478c-b569-e73983b66a42

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Date deposited: 03 Jul 2013 15:40
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 03:58

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Author: Rachel E. Boschen
Author: Paul A. Tyler

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