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An integrated approach to assessing the environmental and health impacts of pollution in the urban environment: methodology and a case study

An integrated approach to assessing the environmental and health impacts of pollution in the urban environment: methodology and a case study
An integrated approach to assessing the environmental and health impacts of pollution in the urban environment: methodology and a case study
This paper presents a new decision-support methodology and software tool for sustainable management of urban pollution. A number of different methods and tools are integrated within the same platform, including GIS, LCA, fate and transport modelling, health impact assessment and multi-criteria decision analysis. The application of the framework is illustrated on a case study which investigates the environmental and health impacts of pollution arising from different industrial, domestic and transport sources in a city. The example city chosen for the study is Sheffield, UK, and the main pollutants considered are NOx, SO2 and PM10. The results suggest that the absence of the current large industrial sources in the city would lead to a 90% reduction of the SO2 and 70% of the NO2 ground concentrations, consequently preventing 27 deaths and 18 respiratory hospital admissions per annum for a population of 500,000. Based on the total annual mortality and hospital admissions in Sheffield for the year of the assessment, this means that 0.53% of premature deaths and 0.49% of respiratory hospital admissions would be prevented by the estimated reduction in air pollution
0957-5820
508-520
Azapagic, A.
ed4da058-27c2-4097-aa8a-a75df7f69f73
Chalabi, Z.
91e0f94b-ef9e-4038-96e8-99a8744c17f3
Fletcher, T.
7a411a89-c5cb-4649-9488-d8a77ef12ff4
Grundy, C.
c6c51267-b3f5-41aa-a3ca-75a09c18793d
Jones, M.
cf34ab48-f4e0-40d8-9ce5-8f3b9cfe236e
Leonardi, G.
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Osammor, O.
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Sharifi, V.
7511a83d-b3bf-40f7-91b5-2543333b8b35
Swithenbank, J.
0bf17bc0-47bc-4b34-ba5b-62afbb0382d2
Tiwary, A.
f948aa5f-5c42-42b0-8bcb-d8ea5e0d58f8
Vardoulakis, S.
fe562f88-9b60-4451-a434-497fb784dced
Azapagic, A.
ed4da058-27c2-4097-aa8a-a75df7f69f73
Chalabi, Z.
91e0f94b-ef9e-4038-96e8-99a8744c17f3
Fletcher, T.
7a411a89-c5cb-4649-9488-d8a77ef12ff4
Grundy, C.
c6c51267-b3f5-41aa-a3ca-75a09c18793d
Jones, M.
cf34ab48-f4e0-40d8-9ce5-8f3b9cfe236e
Leonardi, G.
9cf96eae-7ff0-4cb0-b803-ba78b72556a5
Osammor, O.
2f25a157-5804-4c1e-8ec8-5f7960d7b2a4
Sharifi, V.
7511a83d-b3bf-40f7-91b5-2543333b8b35
Swithenbank, J.
0bf17bc0-47bc-4b34-ba5b-62afbb0382d2
Tiwary, A.
f948aa5f-5c42-42b0-8bcb-d8ea5e0d58f8
Vardoulakis, S.
fe562f88-9b60-4451-a434-497fb784dced

Azapagic, A., Chalabi, Z., Fletcher, T., Grundy, C., Jones, M., Leonardi, G., Osammor, O., Sharifi, V., Swithenbank, J., Tiwary, A. and Vardoulakis, S. (2012) An integrated approach to assessing the environmental and health impacts of pollution in the urban environment: methodology and a case study. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 91 (6), 508-520. (doi:10.1016/j.psep.2012.11.004).

Record type: Article

Abstract

This paper presents a new decision-support methodology and software tool for sustainable management of urban pollution. A number of different methods and tools are integrated within the same platform, including GIS, LCA, fate and transport modelling, health impact assessment and multi-criteria decision analysis. The application of the framework is illustrated on a case study which investigates the environmental and health impacts of pollution arising from different industrial, domestic and transport sources in a city. The example city chosen for the study is Sheffield, UK, and the main pollutants considered are NOx, SO2 and PM10. The results suggest that the absence of the current large industrial sources in the city would lead to a 90% reduction of the SO2 and 70% of the NO2 ground concentrations, consequently preventing 27 deaths and 18 respiratory hospital admissions per annum for a population of 500,000. Based on the total annual mortality and hospital admissions in Sheffield for the year of the assessment, this means that 0.53% of premature deaths and 0.49% of respiratory hospital admissions would be prevented by the estimated reduction in air pollution

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e-pub ahead of print date: 2012
Organisations: Centre for Environmental Science

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Local EPrints ID: 354517
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/354517
ISSN: 0957-5820
PURE UUID: c199c105-f5a0-4b0a-94dd-3ae1760a7813

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Date deposited: 12 Jul 2013 09:05
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 03:55

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