The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Introduced and cryptogenic marine and estuarine species of South Africa

Record type: Article

The introduction history, systematics, transport vectors and distribution patterns of 85 introduced and 39 cryptogenic marine or estuarine animals and plants of South Africa are presented. This represents an addition of 93 species compared with previous lists. Taxa covered include protists, dinoflagellates, sponges, cnidarians, annelids, crustaceans, pycnogonids, insects, molluscs, brachiopods, bryozoans, echinoderms, ascidians, fish, algae and higher plants. For each species a justification motivating its inclusion as an introduction into South African shores or its cryptogenic status, is provided. Challenges associated with this type of inventory work are explored and major patterns of bioinvasion within the region are summarized briefly.

Full text not available from this repository.


Mead, A., Carlton, J.T., Griffiths, C.L. and Rius, M. (2011) Introduced and cryptogenic marine and estuarine species of South Africa Journal of Natural History, 45, (39-40), pp. 2463-2524. (doi:10.1080/00222933.2011.595836).

More information

Published date: 25 August 2011
Keywords: bioinvasions, cryptogenic, estuarine, introduced, marine, south africa
Organisations: Ocean Biochemistry & Ecosystems


Local EPrints ID: 354671
ISSN: 0022-2933
PURE UUID: 6534cd45-0741-42ff-b272-56a2697b0061

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 17 Jul 2013 10:48
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 03:54

Export record



Author: A. Mead
Author: J.T. Carlton
Author: C.L. Griffiths
Author: M. Rius

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton:

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.