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Physicochemical studies of cadmium(II) biosorption by the invasive alga in europe, Sargassum muticum

Physicochemical studies of cadmium(II) biosorption by the invasive alga in europe, Sargassum muticum
Physicochemical studies of cadmium(II) biosorption by the invasive alga in europe, Sargassum muticum
In recent years, there has been a significant increase in the studies concerning brown seaweed as biosorbents for metal removal owing to their high binding ability and low cost. This work reports the results of a study regarding the cadmium binding equilibria of dead biomass from the seaweed Sargassum muticum; this alga is a pest fouling organism that competes with the local fucalean species and may also interfere with the ``sea industry{''} therefore, it would constitute an ideal material to be used as biosorbent. Seven different treatments were tested in order to obtain a stable biomass that could be suitable for industrial use under a broad range of operational conditions. The treatments employed were protonation, chemical cross-linking with formaldehyde, KOH, Ca(OH)(2) and CaCl(2) or physical treatments with acetone and methanol. The equilibrium adsorption isotherms of Langmuir, Freundlich, and Langmuir-Freundlich were obtained for the quantitative description of the cadmium uptake. The effect of pH on biosorption equilibrium was studied at values ranging from 1 to 6, demonstrating the importance of this parameter for an accurate evaluation of the biosorption process. Maximum biosorption was found pH higher than 4.5. The maximum biosorption uptake for the raw biomass was 65 mg g(-1), while for formaldehyde cross-linking biomass the uptake increases to 99 mg g(-1) and for protonated biomass to 95 mg g(-1). Potentiometric titrations were carried out to estimate the total number of weak acid groups and to obtain their apparent pK value, 3.85, using the Katchalsky model. Kinetic studies varying cadmium concentration, algal dose, and ionic strength were carried out. Over 95\% of the maximum cadmium uptake was achieved within 45 min, so the process can be considered relatively fast. A pseudo-second-order model, for the kinetics of cadmium biosorption, was shown to be able to reproduce experimental data points with accuracy. (C) 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
biosorption, Sargassum muticum, cadmium(II), kinetics, equilibrium, acid-base properties, cross-linking.
0006-3592
237-247
Lodeiro, P
e6f2c9f8-4e2a-44a9-b5e7-2b199374eb30
Cordero, B
1c95b77c-121f-4da9-bf5e-6a01d9292d94
Grille, Z
9d9549d6-b24c-4953-8bb3-0e34aa95fa96
Herrero, R
41e12cb0-2e20-4d62-b36a-1d8e3ffa49c0
de Vicente, MES
199d693f-e72f-467f-89a4-78ebd256fb98
Lodeiro, P
e6f2c9f8-4e2a-44a9-b5e7-2b199374eb30
Cordero, B
1c95b77c-121f-4da9-bf5e-6a01d9292d94
Grille, Z
9d9549d6-b24c-4953-8bb3-0e34aa95fa96
Herrero, R
41e12cb0-2e20-4d62-b36a-1d8e3ffa49c0
de Vicente, MES
199d693f-e72f-467f-89a4-78ebd256fb98

Lodeiro, P, Cordero, B, Grille, Z, Herrero, R and de Vicente, MES (2004) Physicochemical studies of cadmium(II) biosorption by the invasive alga in europe, Sargassum muticum. Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 88 (2), 237-247. (doi:10.1002/bit.20229).

Record type: Article

Abstract

In recent years, there has been a significant increase in the studies concerning brown seaweed as biosorbents for metal removal owing to their high binding ability and low cost. This work reports the results of a study regarding the cadmium binding equilibria of dead biomass from the seaweed Sargassum muticum; this alga is a pest fouling organism that competes with the local fucalean species and may also interfere with the ``sea industry{''} therefore, it would constitute an ideal material to be used as biosorbent. Seven different treatments were tested in order to obtain a stable biomass that could be suitable for industrial use under a broad range of operational conditions. The treatments employed were protonation, chemical cross-linking with formaldehyde, KOH, Ca(OH)(2) and CaCl(2) or physical treatments with acetone and methanol. The equilibrium adsorption isotherms of Langmuir, Freundlich, and Langmuir-Freundlich were obtained for the quantitative description of the cadmium uptake. The effect of pH on biosorption equilibrium was studied at values ranging from 1 to 6, demonstrating the importance of this parameter for an accurate evaluation of the biosorption process. Maximum biosorption was found pH higher than 4.5. The maximum biosorption uptake for the raw biomass was 65 mg g(-1), while for formaldehyde cross-linking biomass the uptake increases to 99 mg g(-1) and for protonated biomass to 95 mg g(-1). Potentiometric titrations were carried out to estimate the total number of weak acid groups and to obtain their apparent pK value, 3.85, using the Katchalsky model. Kinetic studies varying cadmium concentration, algal dose, and ionic strength were carried out. Over 95\% of the maximum cadmium uptake was achieved within 45 min, so the process can be considered relatively fast. A pseudo-second-order model, for the kinetics of cadmium biosorption, was shown to be able to reproduce experimental data points with accuracy. (C) 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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Published date: October 2004
Keywords: biosorption, Sargassum muticum, cadmium(II), kinetics, equilibrium, acid-base properties, cross-linking.
Organisations: Ocean Biochemistry & Ecosystems

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 355102
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/355102
ISSN: 0006-3592
PURE UUID: a0670646-7bb3-4c61-979b-9168ef12b30a

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Date deposited: 30 Jul 2013 14:14
Last modified: 16 Jul 2019 21:27

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Contributors

Author: P Lodeiro
Author: B Cordero
Author: Z Grille
Author: R Herrero
Author: MES de Vicente

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