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Attention bias for food is independent of restraint in healthy weight individuals - an eye tracking study eating behaviors.

Attention bias for food is independent of restraint in healthy weight individuals - an eye tracking study eating behaviors.
Attention bias for food is independent of restraint in healthy weight individuals - an eye tracking study eating behaviors.
Objective
Restrained eating style and weight status are highly correlated. Though both have been associated with an attentional bias for food cues, in prior research restraint and BMI were often confounded. The aim of the present study was to determine the existence and nature of an attention bias for food cues in healthy-weight female restrained and unrestrained eaters, when matching the two groups on BMI.

Method
Attention biases for food cues were measured by recordings of eye movements during a visual probe task with pictorial food versus non-food stimuli. Healthy weight high restrained (n = 24) and low restrained eaters (n = 21) were matched on BMI in an attempt to unconfound the effects of restraint and weight on attention allocation patterns.

Results
All participants showed elevated attention biases for food stimuli in comparison to neutral stimuli, independent of restraint status.

Discussion
These findings suggest that attention biases for food-related cues are common for healthy weight women and show that restrained eating (per se) is not related to biased processing of food stimuli, at least not in healthy weight participants.

attention, cognitive bias, eye movements, food cues, dietary restraint, bmi
1471-0153
397-400
Werthmann, Jessica
ee4979a8-7534-4eed-bc5a-38ac6184421d
Roefs, Anne
d3dd4541-2c6a-4748-b65a-344417194a4a
Nederkoorn, Chantal
ccbc7322-37d2-408e-a581-ea02fc8d1b7d
Mogg, Karin
5f1474af-85f5-4fd3-8eb6-0371be848e30
Bradley, Brendan P.
bdacaa6c-528b-4086-9448-27ebfe463514
Jansen, Anita
bf13777a-8158-427a-8234-64cf8b494131
Werthmann, Jessica
ee4979a8-7534-4eed-bc5a-38ac6184421d
Roefs, Anne
d3dd4541-2c6a-4748-b65a-344417194a4a
Nederkoorn, Chantal
ccbc7322-37d2-408e-a581-ea02fc8d1b7d
Mogg, Karin
5f1474af-85f5-4fd3-8eb6-0371be848e30
Bradley, Brendan P.
bdacaa6c-528b-4086-9448-27ebfe463514
Jansen, Anita
bf13777a-8158-427a-8234-64cf8b494131

Werthmann, Jessica, Roefs, Anne, Nederkoorn, Chantal, Mogg, Karin, Bradley, Brendan P. and Jansen, Anita (2013) Attention bias for food is independent of restraint in healthy weight individuals - an eye tracking study eating behaviors. Eating Behaviors, 14 (3), 397-400. (doi:10.1016/j.eatbeh.2013.06.005). (PMID:23910789)

Record type: Article

Abstract

Objective
Restrained eating style and weight status are highly correlated. Though both have been associated with an attentional bias for food cues, in prior research restraint and BMI were often confounded. The aim of the present study was to determine the existence and nature of an attention bias for food cues in healthy-weight female restrained and unrestrained eaters, when matching the two groups on BMI.

Method
Attention biases for food cues were measured by recordings of eye movements during a visual probe task with pictorial food versus non-food stimuli. Healthy weight high restrained (n = 24) and low restrained eaters (n = 21) were matched on BMI in an attempt to unconfound the effects of restraint and weight on attention allocation patterns.

Results
All participants showed elevated attention biases for food stimuli in comparison to neutral stimuli, independent of restraint status.

Discussion
These findings suggest that attention biases for food-related cues are common for healthy weight women and show that restrained eating (per se) is not related to biased processing of food stimuli, at least not in healthy weight participants.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

e-pub ahead of print date: 15 June 2013
Published date: 7 August 2013
Keywords: attention, cognitive bias, eye movements, food cues, dietary restraint, bmi
Organisations: Clinical Neuroscience

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 355271
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/355271
ISSN: 1471-0153
PURE UUID: d2dcfa1d-59b0-46d2-bc49-fe30d6c5df49
ORCID for Brendan P. Bradley: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-2801-4271

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 19 Aug 2013 15:23
Last modified: 20 Jul 2019 01:06

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