The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Genetic relationship between five psychiatric disorders estimated from genome-wide SNPs

Genetic relationship between five psychiatric disorders estimated from genome-wide SNPs
Genetic relationship between five psychiatric disorders estimated from genome-wide SNPs
Most psychiatric disorders are moderately to highly heritable. The degree to which genetic variation is unique to individual disorders or shared across disorders is unclear. To examine shared genetic etiology, we use genome-wide genotype data from the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium (PGC) for cases and controls in schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, major depressive disorder, autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We apply univariate and bivariate methods for the estimation of genetic variation within and covariation between disorders. SNPs explained 17-29% of the variance in liability. The genetic correlation calculated using common SNPs was high between schizophrenia and bipolar disorder (0.68 ± 0.04 s.e.), moderate between schizophrenia and major depressive disorder (0.43 ± 0.06 s.e.), bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder (0.47 ± 0.06 s.e.), and ADHD and major depressive disorder (0.32 ± 0.07 s.e.), low between schizophrenia and ASD (0.16 ± 0.06 s.e.) and non-significant for other pairs of disorders as well as between psychiatric disorders and the negative control of Crohn's disease. This empirical evidence of shared genetic etiology for psychiatric disorders can inform nosology and encourages the investigation of common pathophysiologies for related disorders.
1061-4036
984-994
Lee, S. Hong
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Ripke, Stephan
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Neale, Benjamin M.
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Faraone, Stephen V.
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Purcell, Shaun M.
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Perlis, Roy H.
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Mowry, Bryan J.
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Thapar, Anita
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Goddard, Michael E.
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Arking, Dan E.
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Curtis, David
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Dawson, Geraldine
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Day, Richard
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De Geus, Eco J.
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Degenhardt, Franziska
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Djurovic, Srdjan
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Donohoe, Gary J.
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Duketis, Eftichia
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Lee, S. Hong, Ripke, Stephan, Neale, Benjamin M., Faraone, Stephen V., Purcell, Shaun M., Perlis, Roy H., Mowry, Bryan J., Thapar, Anita, Goddard, Michael E., Witte, John S., Absher, Devin, Agartz, Ingrid, Akil, Huda, Amin, Farooq, Andreassen, Ole A., Anjorin, Adebayo, Anney, Richard, Anttila, Verneri, Arking, Dan E., Asherson, Philip, Azevedo, Maria H., Backlund, Lena, Badner, Judith A., Bailey, Anthony J., Banaschewski, Tobias, Barchas, Jack D., Barnes, Michael R., Barrett, Thomas B., Bass, Nicholas, Battaglia, Agatino, Bauer, Michael, Bayés, Mònica, Bellivier, Frank, Bergen, Sarah E., Berrettini, Wade, Betancur, Catalina, Bettecken, Thomas, Biederman, Joseph, Binder, Elisabeth B., Black, Donald W., Blackwood, Douglas H.R., Bloss, Cinnamon S., Boehnke, Michael, Boomsma, Dorret I., Breen, Gerome, Breuer, René, Bruggeman, Richard, Cormican, Paul, Buccola, Nancy G., Buitelaar, Jan K., Bunney, William E., Buxbaum, Joseph D., Byerley, William F., Byrne, Enda M., Caesar, Sian, Cahn, Wiepke, Cantor, Rita M., Casas, Miguel, Chakravarti, Aravinda, Chambert, Kimberly, Choudhury, Khalid, Cichon, Sven, Cloninger, C. Robert, Collier, David A., Cook, Edwin H., Coon, Hilary, Cormand, Bru, Corvin, Aiden, Coryell, William H., Craig, David W., Craig, Ian W., Crosbie, Jennifer, Cuccaro, Michael L., Curtis, David, Czamara, Darina, Datta, Susmita, Dawson, Geraldine, Day, Richard, De Geus, Eco J., Degenhardt, Franziska, Djurovic, Srdjan, Donohoe, Gary J., Doyle, Alysa E., Duan, Jubao, Dudbridge, Frank, Duketis, Eftichia, Ebstein, Richard P., Edenberg, Howard J., Elia, Josephine, Ennis, Sean, Etain, Bruno, Fanous, Ayman, Farmer, Anne E., Ferrier, I. Nicol, Flickinger, Matthew, Fombonne, Eric, Foroud, Tatiana, Frank, Josef, Franke, Barbara, Fraser, Christine, Freedman, Robert, Freimer, Nelson B., Freitag, Christine M., Friedl, Marion, Frisén, Louise, Gallagher, Louise, Gejman, Pablo V., Georgieva, Lyudmila, Gershon, Elliot S., Geschwind, Daniel H., Giegling, Ina, Gill, Michael, Gordon, Scott D., Gordon-Smith, Katherine, Green, Elaine K., Greenwood, Tiffany A., Grice, Dorothy E., Gross, Magdalena, Grozeva, Detelina, Guan, Weihua, Gurling, Hugh, De Haan, Lieuwe, Haines, Jonathan L., Hakonarson, Hakon, Hallmayer, Joachim, Hamilton, Steven P., Hamshere, Marian L., Hansen, Thomas F., Hartmann, Annette M., Hautzinger, Martin, Heath, Andrew C., Henders, Anjali K., Herms, Stefan, Hickie, Ian B., Hipolito, Maria, Hoefels, Susanne, Holmans, Peter A., Holsboer, Florian, Hoogendijk, Witte J., Hottenga, Jouke-Jan, Hultman, Christina M., Hus, Vanessa, Ingason, Andrés, Ising, Marcus, Jamain, Stéphane, Jones, Edward G., Jones, Ian, Jones, Lisa, Tzeng, Jung-Ying, Kähler, Anna K., Kahn, René S., Kandaswamy, Radhika, Keller, Matthew C., Kennedy, James L., Kenny, Elaine, Kent, Lindsey, Kim, Yunjung, Kirov, George K., Klauck, Sabine M., Klei, Lambertus, Knowles, James A., Kohli, Martin A., Koller, Daniel L., Konte, Bettina, Korszun, Ania, Krabbendam, Lydia, Krasucki, Robert, Kuntsi, Jonna, Kwan, Phoenix, Landén, Mikael, Långström, Niklas, Lathrop, Mark, Lawrence, Jacob, Lawson, William B., Leboyer, Marion, Ledbetter, David H., Lee, Phil H., Lencz, Todd, Lesch, Klaus-Peter, Levinson, Douglas F., Lewis, Cathryn M., Li, Jun, Lichtenstein, Paul, Lieberman, Jeffrey A., Lin, Dan-Yu, Linszen, Don H, Liu, Chunyu, Lohoff, Falk W., Loo, Sandra K., Lord, Catherine, Lowe, Jennifer K., Lucae, Susanne, MacIntyre, Donald J., Madden, Pamela A.F., Maestrini, Elena, Magnusson, Patrik K.E., Mahon, Pamela B., Maier, Wolfgang, Malhotra, Anil K., Mane, Shrikant M., Martin, Christa L., Martin, Nicholas G., Mattheisen, Manuel, Matthews, Keith, Mattingsdal, Morten, McCarroll, Steven A., McGhee, Kevin A., McGough, James J., McGrath, Patrick J., McGuffin, Peter, McInnis, Melvin G., McIntosh, Andrew, McKinney, Rebecca, McLean, Alan W., McMahon, Francis J., McMahon, William M., McQuillin, Andrew, Medeiros, Helena, Medland, Sarah E., Meier, Sandra, Melle, Ingrid, Meng, Fan, Meyer, Jobst, Middeldorp, Christel M., Middleton, Lefkos, Milanova, Vihra, Miranda, Ana, Monaco, Anthony P., Montgomery, Grant W., Moran, Jennifer L., Moreno-De-Luca, Daniel, Morken, Gunnar, Morris, Derek W., Morrow, Eric M., Moskvina, Valentina, Muglia, Pierandrea, Mühleisen, Thomas W., Muir, Walter J., Müller-Myhsok, Bertram, Murtha, Michael, Myers, Richard M., Myin-Germeys, Inez, Neale, Michael C., Nelson, Stan F., Nievergelt, Caroline M., Nikolov, Ivan, Nimgaonkar, Vishwajit, Nolen, Willem A., Nöthen, Markus M., Nurnberger, John I., Nwulia, Evaristus A., Nyholt, Dale R., O'Dushlaine, Colm, Oades, Robert D., Olincy, Ann, Oliveira, Guiomar, Olsen, Line, Ophoff, Roel A., Osby, Urban, Owen, Michael J., Palotie, Aarno, Parr, Jeremy R., Paterson, Andrew D., Pato, Carlos N., Pato, Michele T., Penninx, Brenda W., Pergadia, Michele L., Pericak-Vance, Margaret A., Pickard, Benjamin S., Pimm, Jonathan, Piven, Joseph, Posthuma, Danielle, Potash, James B., Poustka, Fritz, Propping, Peter, Puri, Vinay, Quested, Digby J., Quinn, Emma M., Ramos-Quiroga, Josep Antoni, Rasmussen, Henrik B., Raychaudhuri, Soumya, Rehnström, Karola, Reif, Andreas, Ribasés, Marta, Rice, John P., Rietschel, Marcella, Roeder, Kathryn, Roeyers, Herbert, Rossin, Lizzy, Rothenberger, Aribert, Rouleau, Guy, Ruderfer, Douglas, Rujescu, Dan, Sanders, Alan R., Sanders, Stephan J., Santangelo, Susan L., Sergeant, Joseph A., Schachar, Russell, Schalling, Martin, Schatzberg, Alan F., Scheftner, William A., Schellenberg, Gerard D., Scherer, Stephen W., Schork, Nicholas J., Schulze, Thomas G., Schumacher, Johannes, Schwarz, Markus, Scolnick, Edward, Scott, Laura J., Shi, Jianxin, Shilling, Paul D, Shyn, Stanley I., Silverman, Jeremy M., Slager, Susan L., Smalley, Susan L., Smit, Johannes H., Smith, Erin N., Sonuga-Barke, Edmund, St. Clair, David, State, Matthew, Steffens, Michael, Steinhausen, Hans-Christoph, Strauss, John S., Strohmaier, Jana, Stroup, T. Scott, Sutcliffe, James S., Szatmari, Peter, Szelinger, Szabocls, Thirumalai, Srinivasa, Thompson, Robert C., Todorov, Alexandre A., Tozzi, Federica, Treutlein, Jens, Uhr, Manfred, van den Oord, Edwin J.C.G., Van Grootheest, Gerard, Van Os, Jim, Vicente, Astrid M., Vieland, Veronica J., Vincent, John B., Visscher, Peter M., Walsh, Christopher A., Wassink, Thomas H., Watson, Stanley J., Weissman, Myrna M., Werge, Thomas, Wienker, Thomas F., Wijsman, Ellen M., Willemsen, Gonneke, Williams, Nigel, Willsey, A. Jeremy, Witt, Stephanie H., Xu, Wei, Young, Allan H., Yu, Timothy W., Zammit, Stanley, Zandi, Peter P., Zhang, Peng, Zitman, Frans G., Zöllner, Sebastian, Devlin, Bernie, Kelsoe, John R., Sklar, Pamela, Daly, Mark J., O'Donovan, Michael C., Craddock, Nicholas, Sullivan, Patrick F., Smoller, Jordan W., Kendler, Kenneth S. and Wray, Naomi R. (2013) Genetic relationship between five psychiatric disorders estimated from genome-wide SNPs. Nature Genetics, 45, 984-994. (doi:10.1038/ng.2711). (PMID:23933821)

Record type: Article

Abstract

Most psychiatric disorders are moderately to highly heritable. The degree to which genetic variation is unique to individual disorders or shared across disorders is unclear. To examine shared genetic etiology, we use genome-wide genotype data from the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium (PGC) for cases and controls in schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, major depressive disorder, autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We apply univariate and bivariate methods for the estimation of genetic variation within and covariation between disorders. SNPs explained 17-29% of the variance in liability. The genetic correlation calculated using common SNPs was high between schizophrenia and bipolar disorder (0.68 ± 0.04 s.e.), moderate between schizophrenia and major depressive disorder (0.43 ± 0.06 s.e.), bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder (0.47 ± 0.06 s.e.), and ADHD and major depressive disorder (0.32 ± 0.07 s.e.), low between schizophrenia and ASD (0.16 ± 0.06 s.e.) and non-significant for other pairs of disorders as well as between psychiatric disorders and the negative control of Crohn's disease. This empirical evidence of shared genetic etiology for psychiatric disorders can inform nosology and encourages the investigation of common pathophysiologies for related disorders.

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Published date: 11 August 2013
Organisations: Clinical Neuroscience

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 355707
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/355707
ISSN: 1061-4036
PURE UUID: 49f5d074-b566-4541-90d3-14761f20969b

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Date deposited: 04 Sep 2013 09:19
Last modified: 16 Jul 2019 21:25

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Contributors

Author: S. Hong Lee
Author: Stephan Ripke
Author: Benjamin M. Neale
Author: Stephen V. Faraone
Author: Shaun M. Purcell
Author: Roy H. Perlis
Author: Bryan J. Mowry
Author: Anita Thapar
Author: Michael E. Goddard
Author: John S. Witte
Author: Devin Absher
Author: Ingrid Agartz
Author: Huda Akil
Author: Farooq Amin
Author: Ole A. Andreassen
Author: Adebayo Anjorin
Author: Richard Anney
Author: Verneri Anttila
Author: Dan E. Arking
Author: Philip Asherson
Author: Maria H. Azevedo
Author: Lena Backlund
Author: Judith A. Badner
Author: Anthony J. Bailey
Author: Tobias Banaschewski
Author: Jack D. Barchas
Author: Michael R. Barnes
Author: Thomas B. Barrett
Author: Nicholas Bass
Author: Agatino Battaglia
Author: Michael Bauer
Author: Mònica Bayés
Author: Frank Bellivier
Author: Sarah E. Bergen
Author: Wade Berrettini
Author: Catalina Betancur
Author: Thomas Bettecken
Author: Joseph Biederman
Author: Elisabeth B. Binder
Author: Donald W. Black
Author: Douglas H.R. Blackwood
Author: Cinnamon S. Bloss
Author: Michael Boehnke
Author: Dorret I. Boomsma
Author: Gerome Breen
Author: René Breuer
Author: Richard Bruggeman
Author: Paul Cormican
Author: Nancy G. Buccola
Author: Jan K. Buitelaar
Author: William E. Bunney
Author: Joseph D. Buxbaum
Author: William F. Byerley
Author: Enda M. Byrne
Author: Sian Caesar
Author: Wiepke Cahn
Author: Rita M. Cantor
Author: Miguel Casas
Author: Aravinda Chakravarti
Author: Kimberly Chambert
Author: Khalid Choudhury
Author: Sven Cichon
Author: C. Robert Cloninger
Author: David A. Collier
Author: Edwin H. Cook
Author: Hilary Coon
Author: Bru Cormand
Author: Aiden Corvin
Author: William H. Coryell
Author: David W. Craig
Author: Ian W. Craig
Author: Jennifer Crosbie
Author: Michael L. Cuccaro
Author: David Curtis
Author: Darina Czamara
Author: Susmita Datta
Author: Geraldine Dawson
Author: Richard Day
Author: Eco J. De Geus
Author: Franziska Degenhardt
Author: Srdjan Djurovic
Author: Gary J. Donohoe
Author: Alysa E. Doyle
Author: Jubao Duan
Author: Frank Dudbridge
Author: Eftichia Duketis
Author: Richard P. Ebstein
Author: Howard J. Edenberg
Author: Josephine Elia
Author: Sean Ennis
Author: Bruno Etain
Author: Ayman Fanous
Author: Anne E. Farmer
Author: I. Nicol Ferrier
Author: Matthew Flickinger
Author: Eric Fombonne
Author: Tatiana Foroud
Author: Josef Frank
Author: Barbara Franke
Author: Christine Fraser
Author: Robert Freedman
Author: Nelson B. Freimer
Author: Christine M. Freitag
Author: Marion Friedl
Author: Louise Frisén
Author: Louise Gallagher
Author: Pablo V. Gejman
Author: Lyudmila Georgieva
Author: Elliot S. Gershon
Author: Daniel H. Geschwind
Author: Ina Giegling
Author: Michael Gill
Author: Scott D. Gordon
Author: Katherine Gordon-Smith
Author: Elaine K. Green
Author: Tiffany A. Greenwood
Author: Dorothy E. Grice
Author: Magdalena Gross
Author: Detelina Grozeva
Author: Weihua Guan
Author: Hugh Gurling
Author: Lieuwe De Haan
Author: Jonathan L. Haines
Author: Hakon Hakonarson
Author: Joachim Hallmayer
Author: Steven P. Hamilton
Author: Marian L. Hamshere
Author: Thomas F. Hansen
Author: Annette M. Hartmann
Author: Martin Hautzinger
Author: Andrew C. Heath
Author: Anjali K. Henders
Author: Stefan Herms
Author: Ian B. Hickie
Author: Maria Hipolito
Author: Susanne Hoefels
Author: Peter A. Holmans
Author: Florian Holsboer
Author: Witte J. Hoogendijk
Author: Jouke-Jan Hottenga
Author: Christina M. Hultman
Author: Vanessa Hus
Author: Andrés Ingason
Author: Marcus Ising
Author: Stéphane Jamain
Author: Edward G. Jones
Author: Ian Jones
Author: Lisa Jones
Author: Jung-Ying Tzeng
Author: Anna K. Kähler
Author: René S. Kahn
Author: Radhika Kandaswamy
Author: Matthew C. Keller
Author: James L. Kennedy
Author: Elaine Kenny
Author: Lindsey Kent
Author: Yunjung Kim
Author: George K. Kirov
Author: Sabine M. Klauck
Author: Lambertus Klei
Author: James A. Knowles
Author: Martin A. Kohli
Author: Daniel L. Koller
Author: Bettina Konte
Author: Ania Korszun
Author: Lydia Krabbendam
Author: Robert Krasucki
Author: Jonna Kuntsi
Author: Phoenix Kwan
Author: Mikael Landén
Author: Niklas Långström
Author: Mark Lathrop
Author: Jacob Lawrence
Author: William B. Lawson
Author: Marion Leboyer
Author: David H. Ledbetter
Author: Phil H. Lee
Author: Todd Lencz
Author: Klaus-Peter Lesch
Author: Douglas F. Levinson
Author: Cathryn M. Lewis
Author: Jun Li
Author: Paul Lichtenstein
Author: Jeffrey A. Lieberman
Author: Dan-Yu Lin
Author: Don H Linszen
Author: Chunyu Liu
Author: Falk W. Lohoff
Author: Sandra K. Loo
Author: Catherine Lord
Author: Jennifer K. Lowe
Author: Susanne Lucae
Author: Donald J. MacIntyre
Author: Pamela A.F. Madden
Author: Elena Maestrini
Author: Patrik K.E. Magnusson
Author: Pamela B. Mahon
Author: Wolfgang Maier
Author: Anil K. Malhotra
Author: Shrikant M. Mane
Author: Christa L. Martin
Author: Nicholas G. Martin
Author: Manuel Mattheisen
Author: Keith Matthews
Author: Morten Mattingsdal
Author: Steven A. McCarroll
Author: Kevin A. McGhee
Author: James J. McGough
Author: Patrick J. McGrath
Author: Peter McGuffin
Author: Melvin G. McInnis
Author: Andrew McIntosh
Author: Rebecca McKinney
Author: Alan W. McLean
Author: Francis J. McMahon
Author: William M. McMahon
Author: Andrew McQuillin
Author: Helena Medeiros
Author: Sarah E. Medland
Author: Sandra Meier
Author: Ingrid Melle
Author: Fan Meng
Author: Jobst Meyer
Author: Christel M. Middeldorp
Author: Lefkos Middleton
Author: Vihra Milanova
Author: Ana Miranda
Author: Anthony P. Monaco
Author: Grant W. Montgomery
Author: Jennifer L. Moran
Author: Daniel Moreno-De-Luca
Author: Gunnar Morken
Author: Derek W. Morris
Author: Eric M. Morrow
Author: Valentina Moskvina
Author: Pierandrea Muglia
Author: Thomas W. Mühleisen
Author: Walter J. Muir
Author: Bertram Müller-Myhsok
Author: Michael Murtha
Author: Richard M. Myers
Author: Inez Myin-Germeys
Author: Michael C. Neale
Author: Stan F. Nelson
Author: Caroline M. Nievergelt
Author: Ivan Nikolov
Author: Vishwajit Nimgaonkar
Author: Willem A. Nolen
Author: Markus M. Nöthen
Author: John I. Nurnberger
Author: Evaristus A. Nwulia
Author: Dale R. Nyholt
Author: Colm O'Dushlaine
Author: Robert D. Oades
Author: Ann Olincy
Author: Guiomar Oliveira
Author: Line Olsen
Author: Roel A. Ophoff
Author: Urban Osby
Author: Michael J. Owen
Author: Aarno Palotie
Author: Jeremy R. Parr
Author: Andrew D. Paterson
Author: Carlos N. Pato
Author: Michele T. Pato
Author: Brenda W. Penninx
Author: Michele L. Pergadia
Author: Margaret A. Pericak-Vance
Author: Benjamin S. Pickard
Author: Jonathan Pimm
Author: Joseph Piven
Author: Danielle Posthuma
Author: James B. Potash
Author: Fritz Poustka
Author: Peter Propping
Author: Vinay Puri
Author: Digby J. Quested
Author: Emma M. Quinn
Author: Josep Antoni Ramos-Quiroga
Author: Henrik B. Rasmussen
Author: Soumya Raychaudhuri
Author: Karola Rehnström
Author: Andreas Reif
Author: Marta Ribasés
Author: John P. Rice
Author: Marcella Rietschel
Author: Kathryn Roeder
Author: Herbert Roeyers
Author: Lizzy Rossin
Author: Aribert Rothenberger
Author: Guy Rouleau
Author: Douglas Ruderfer
Author: Dan Rujescu
Author: Alan R. Sanders
Author: Stephan J. Sanders
Author: Susan L. Santangelo
Author: Joseph A. Sergeant
Author: Russell Schachar
Author: Martin Schalling
Author: Alan F. Schatzberg
Author: William A. Scheftner
Author: Gerard D. Schellenberg
Author: Stephen W. Scherer
Author: Nicholas J. Schork
Author: Thomas G. Schulze
Author: Johannes Schumacher
Author: Markus Schwarz
Author: Edward Scolnick
Author: Laura J. Scott
Author: Jianxin Shi
Author: Paul D Shilling
Author: Stanley I. Shyn
Author: Jeremy M. Silverman
Author: Susan L. Slager
Author: Susan L. Smalley
Author: Johannes H. Smit
Author: Erin N. Smith
Author: Edmund Sonuga-Barke
Author: David St. Clair
Author: Matthew State
Author: Michael Steffens
Author: Hans-Christoph Steinhausen
Author: John S. Strauss
Author: Jana Strohmaier
Author: T. Scott Stroup
Author: James S. Sutcliffe
Author: Peter Szatmari
Author: Szabocls Szelinger
Author: Srinivasa Thirumalai
Author: Robert C. Thompson
Author: Alexandre A. Todorov
Author: Federica Tozzi
Author: Jens Treutlein
Author: Manfred Uhr
Author: Edwin J.C.G. van den Oord
Author: Gerard Van Grootheest
Author: Jim Van Os
Author: Astrid M. Vicente
Author: Veronica J. Vieland
Author: John B. Vincent
Author: Peter M. Visscher
Author: Christopher A. Walsh
Author: Thomas H. Wassink
Author: Stanley J. Watson
Author: Myrna M. Weissman
Author: Thomas Werge
Author: Thomas F. Wienker
Author: Ellen M. Wijsman
Author: Gonneke Willemsen
Author: Nigel Williams
Author: A. Jeremy Willsey
Author: Stephanie H. Witt
Author: Wei Xu
Author: Allan H. Young
Author: Timothy W. Yu
Author: Stanley Zammit
Author: Peter P. Zandi
Author: Peng Zhang
Author: Frans G. Zitman
Author: Sebastian Zöllner
Author: Bernie Devlin
Author: John R. Kelsoe
Author: Pamela Sklar
Author: Mark J. Daly
Author: Michael C. O'Donovan
Author: Nicholas Craddock
Author: Patrick F. Sullivan
Author: Jordan W. Smoller
Author: Kenneth S. Kendler
Author: Naomi R. Wray

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