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The cationic charges on Arg(347), Arg(358) and Arg(449) of human cytochrome P450c17 (CYP17) are essential for the enzyme's cytochrome b(5)-dependent acyl-carbon cleavage activities

Record type: Article

CYP17 (17alpha-hydroxylase-17,20-lyase; also P450c17 or P450(17alpha)) catalyses the 17alpha-hydroxylation of progestogens and the subsequent acyl-carbon cleavage of the 17alpha-hydroxylated products (lyase activity) in the biosynthesis of androgens. The enzyme also catalyses another type of acyl-carbon cleavage (direct cleavage activity) in which the 17alpha-hydroxylation reaction is by-passed. Human CYP17 is heavily dependent on the presence of the membrane form of cytochrome b(5) for both its lyase and direct cleavage activities. In the present study it was found that substitution of human CYP17 amino acids, Arg(347), Arg(358) and Arg(449), with non-cationic residues, yielded variants that were impaired in the two acyl-carbon bond cleavage activities, quantitatively to the same extent and these were reduced to between 3 and 4% of the wild-type protein. When the arginines were replaced by lysines, the sensitivity to cytochrome b(5) was restored and the acyl-carbon cleavage activities were recovered. All of the human mutant CYP17 proteins displayed wild-type hydroxylase activity, in the absence of cytochrome b(5). The results suggest that the bifurcated cationic charges at Arg(347), Arg(358) and Arg(449) make important contributions to the formation of catalytically competent CYP17.cytochrome b(5) complex. The results support our original proposal that the main role of cytochrome b(5) is to promote protein conformational changes which allow the iron-peroxo anion to form a tetrahedral adduct that fragments to produce the acyl-carbon cleavage products.

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Citation

Lee-Robichaud, P., Akhtar, M.E., Wright, J.N., Sheikh, Q.I. and Akhtar, M. (2004) The cationic charges on Arg(347), Arg(358) and Arg(449) of human cytochrome P450c17 (CYP17) are essential for the enzyme's cytochrome b(5)-dependent acyl-carbon cleavage activities Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 92, (3), pp. 119-130. (doi:10.1016/j.jsbmb.2004.07.005).

More information

Submitted date: 5 March 2004
Published date: October 2004

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 35632
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/35632
ISSN: 0960-0760
PURE UUID: b1ca9e03-5c14-479d-859a-33bad80b146e

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Date deposited: 22 May 2006
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 15:47

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Contributors

Author: P. Lee-Robichaud
Author: M.E. Akhtar
Author: J.N. Wright
Author: Q.I. Sheikh
Author: M. Akhtar

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