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Insights into deposit formation in high pressure diesel fuel injection equipment

Insights into deposit formation in high pressure diesel fuel injection equipment
Insights into deposit formation in high pressure diesel fuel injection equipment
The need to meet the US 2007 emissions legislation has necessitated a change in Diesel engine technology, particularly to the fuel injection equipment (FIE). At the same time as these engine technology changes, legislation has dictated a reduction in fuel sulphur levels and there has also been increased use of fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) or biodiesel as a fuel blending component. The combination of changes to the engine and the fuel has apparently led to a sharp rise in the number of reports of field problems resulting from deposits within the FIE. The problem is usually manifested as a significant loss of power or the engine failing to start. These symptoms are often due to deposits to be found within the fuel injectors or to severe fouling of the fuel filter. The characteristics of the deposits found within different parts of the fuel system can be noticeably different. A variety of analytical techniques have been investigated to gain knowledge of the characteristics of these different forms of deposit. Work has also been performed to characterise some of the fuels that may be causing the deposits.

This paper concentrates on the characterisation of deposits found specifically in the fuel injectors. Deposits found within different parts of the injector have been analysed using, Gas Chromatography with Mass Spectrometry detection (GC/MS), Fourier Transform Infra-red analysis (FTIR), Inductively Coupled Plasma spectroscopy (ICP), Nuclear Magnetic Resonance spectroscopy (NMR) and elemental analysis. Fuel samples that have been associated with the deposit formation have also been analysed. The techniques discussed are high resolution mass spectrometry, and ICP. The results are also placed in context with previously published work on both filter and injector deposits.
0148-7191
Barker, J.
78f47f76-9d49-45b2-9788-6c667a435c26
Langley, G.
7ac80d61-b91d-4261-ad17-255f94ea21ea
Richards, P.
6c844fc2-a33d-4de0-9392-b05f299817c2
Barker, J.
78f47f76-9d49-45b2-9788-6c667a435c26
Langley, G.
7ac80d61-b91d-4261-ad17-255f94ea21ea
Richards, P.
6c844fc2-a33d-4de0-9392-b05f299817c2

Barker, J., Langley, G. and Richards, P. (2010) Insights into deposit formation in high pressure diesel fuel injection equipment. SAE Technical Papers, 2010-01-2243. (doi:10.4271/2010-01-2243).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The need to meet the US 2007 emissions legislation has necessitated a change in Diesel engine technology, particularly to the fuel injection equipment (FIE). At the same time as these engine technology changes, legislation has dictated a reduction in fuel sulphur levels and there has also been increased use of fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) or biodiesel as a fuel blending component. The combination of changes to the engine and the fuel has apparently led to a sharp rise in the number of reports of field problems resulting from deposits within the FIE. The problem is usually manifested as a significant loss of power or the engine failing to start. These symptoms are often due to deposits to be found within the fuel injectors or to severe fouling of the fuel filter. The characteristics of the deposits found within different parts of the fuel system can be noticeably different. A variety of analytical techniques have been investigated to gain knowledge of the characteristics of these different forms of deposit. Work has also been performed to characterise some of the fuels that may be causing the deposits.

This paper concentrates on the characterisation of deposits found specifically in the fuel injectors. Deposits found within different parts of the injector have been analysed using, Gas Chromatography with Mass Spectrometry detection (GC/MS), Fourier Transform Infra-red analysis (FTIR), Inductively Coupled Plasma spectroscopy (ICP), Nuclear Magnetic Resonance spectroscopy (NMR) and elemental analysis. Fuel samples that have been associated with the deposit formation have also been analysed. The techniques discussed are high resolution mass spectrometry, and ICP. The results are also placed in context with previously published work on both filter and injector deposits.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

Published date: 25 October 2010
Additional Information: SAE 2010 Powertrains Fuels and Lubricants Meeting
Venue - Dates: other; 2010-10-25, 2010-10-25
Organisations: Organic Chemistry: Synthesis, Catalysis and Flow, Chemistry

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 356505
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/356505
ISSN: 0148-7191
PURE UUID: 1f69c593-ad4b-42d1-9bcc-6fe880c80d14
ORCID for G. Langley: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-8323-7235

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 09 Oct 2013 13:43
Last modified: 05 Nov 2019 02:06

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