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Individual differences in nostalgia proneness: the integrating role of the need to belong

Individual differences in nostalgia proneness: the integrating role of the need to belong
Individual differences in nostalgia proneness: the integrating role of the need to belong
Who is the nostalgia-prone person? The ‘sociality view’ sees an individual who frequently recalls meaningful memories rich in social content. The ‘maladaptation view’ sees an emotionally unstable, neurotic individual. In four studies, we integrated these contrasting views. We hypothesized that the link between neuroticism and nostalgia proneness arises because (a) neuroticism is associated with the need to belong and (b) the need to belong triggers nostalgia, with its abundant social content. Consistent with this hypothesis, Studies 1–2 found that the correlation between neuroticism and nostalgia proneness was eliminated when controlling for the need to belong. The need to belong predicted increased nostalgia proneness, above and beyond neuroticism. Specifically, Study 2 revealed that a deficit-reduction (rather than growth) belongingness orientation predicted increased nostalgia proneness. When the role of this deficit-reduction belongingness orientation was controlled, the positive correlation between neuroticism and nostalgia disappeared. Studies 3–4 showed that experimental inductions of a belongingness deficit augmented nostalgia, providing support for its compensatory role.
0191-8869
904-908
Seehusen, Johannes
ba39c5b2-7133-4cfd-9523-55a30931dd2e
Cordaro, Filipo
bdf18065-0ef7-4df3-adc6-c45b16a1e1ac
Wildschut, Tim
4452a61d-1649-4c4a-bb1d-154ec446ff81
Sedikides, Constantine
9d45e66d-75bb-44de-87d7-21fd553812c2
Routledge, Clay
c1e0088a-3cc4-4d54-bbd3-de7d286429d8
Blackhart, Ginette C.
b29d4e11-8169-44e9-a69c-bad59ac182b9
Epstude, Kai
7ad9c6fa-453b-44ad-89bd-ad9e334f9bd9
Vingerhoets,, Ad J.J.M.
89c66589-5837-430d-a06e-757874f634bb
Seehusen, Johannes
ba39c5b2-7133-4cfd-9523-55a30931dd2e
Cordaro, Filipo
bdf18065-0ef7-4df3-adc6-c45b16a1e1ac
Wildschut, Tim
4452a61d-1649-4c4a-bb1d-154ec446ff81
Sedikides, Constantine
9d45e66d-75bb-44de-87d7-21fd553812c2
Routledge, Clay
c1e0088a-3cc4-4d54-bbd3-de7d286429d8
Blackhart, Ginette C.
b29d4e11-8169-44e9-a69c-bad59ac182b9
Epstude, Kai
7ad9c6fa-453b-44ad-89bd-ad9e334f9bd9
Vingerhoets,, Ad J.J.M.
89c66589-5837-430d-a06e-757874f634bb

Seehusen, Johannes, Cordaro, Filipo, Wildschut, Tim, Sedikides, Constantine, Routledge, Clay, Blackhart, Ginette C., Epstude, Kai and Vingerhoets,, Ad J.J.M. (2013) Individual differences in nostalgia proneness: the integrating role of the need to belong. Personality and Individual Differences, 55 (8), 904-908. (doi:10.1016/j.paid.2013.07.020).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Who is the nostalgia-prone person? The ‘sociality view’ sees an individual who frequently recalls meaningful memories rich in social content. The ‘maladaptation view’ sees an emotionally unstable, neurotic individual. In four studies, we integrated these contrasting views. We hypothesized that the link between neuroticism and nostalgia proneness arises because (a) neuroticism is associated with the need to belong and (b) the need to belong triggers nostalgia, with its abundant social content. Consistent with this hypothesis, Studies 1–2 found that the correlation between neuroticism and nostalgia proneness was eliminated when controlling for the need to belong. The need to belong predicted increased nostalgia proneness, above and beyond neuroticism. Specifically, Study 2 revealed that a deficit-reduction (rather than growth) belongingness orientation predicted increased nostalgia proneness. When the role of this deficit-reduction belongingness orientation was controlled, the positive correlation between neuroticism and nostalgia disappeared. Studies 3–4 showed that experimental inductions of a belongingness deficit augmented nostalgia, providing support for its compensatory role.

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e-pub ahead of print date: 8 August 2013
Published date: November 2013

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 358017
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/358017
ISSN: 0191-8869
PURE UUID: fb81e4a2-997a-4bc3-85e9-7fd8289c042f

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Date deposited: 27 Sep 2013 11:32
Last modified: 19 Jul 2019 21:26

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