Individual differences in nostalgia proneness: the integrating role of the need to belong


Seehusen, Johannes, Cordaro, Filipo, Wildschut, Tim, Sedikides, Constantine, Routledge, Clay, Blackhart, Ginette C., Epstude, Kai and Vingerhoets,, Ad J.J.M. (2013) Individual differences in nostalgia proneness: the integrating role of the need to belong Personality and Individual Differences, 55, (8), pp. 904-908. (doi:10.1016/j.paid.2013.07.020).

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Description/Abstract

Who is the nostalgia-prone person? The ‘sociality view’ sees an individual who frequently recalls meaningful memories rich in social content. The ‘maladaptation view’ sees an emotionally unstable, neurotic individual. In four studies, we integrated these contrasting views. We hypothesized that the link between neuroticism and nostalgia proneness arises because (a) neuroticism is associated with the need to belong and (b) the need to belong triggers nostalgia, with its abundant social content. Consistent with this hypothesis, Studies 1–2 found that the correlation between neuroticism and nostalgia proneness was eliminated when controlling for the need to belong. The need to belong predicted increased nostalgia proneness, above and beyond neuroticism. Specifically, Study 2 revealed that a deficit-reduction (rather than growth) belongingness orientation predicted increased nostalgia proneness. When the role of this deficit-reduction belongingness orientation was controlled, the positive correlation between neuroticism and nostalgia disappeared. Studies 3–4 showed that experimental inductions of a belongingness deficit augmented nostalgia, providing support for its compensatory role.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1016/j.paid.2013.07.020
ISSNs: 0191-8869 (print)
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
ePrint ID: 358017
Date :
Date Event
8 August 2013e-pub ahead of print
November 2013Published
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2013 11:32
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2017 14:53
Further Information:Google Scholar
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/358017

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