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Individual differences in nostalgia proneness: the integrating role of the need to belong

Seehusen, Johannes, Cordaro, Filipo, Wildschut, Tim, Sedikides, Constantine, Routledge, Clay, Blackhart, Ginette C., Epstude, Kai and Vingerhoets,, Ad J.J.M. (2013) Individual differences in nostalgia proneness: the integrating role of the need to belong Personality and Individual Differences, 55, (8), pp. 904-908.

Record type: Article


Who is the nostalgia-prone person? The ‘sociality view’ sees an individual who frequently recalls meaningful memories rich in social content. The ‘maladaptation view’ sees an emotionally unstable, neurotic individual. In four studies, we integrated these contrasting views. We hypothesized that the link between neuroticism and nostalgia proneness arises because (a) neuroticism is associated with the need to belong and (b) the need to belong triggers nostalgia, with its abundant social content. Consistent with this hypothesis, Studies 1–2 found that the correlation between neuroticism and nostalgia proneness was eliminated when controlling for the need to belong. The need to belong predicted increased nostalgia proneness, above and beyond neuroticism. Specifically, Study 2 revealed that a deficit-reduction (rather than growth) belongingness orientation predicted increased nostalgia proneness. When the role of this deficit-reduction belongingness orientation was controlled, the positive correlation between neuroticism and nostalgia disappeared. Studies 3–4 showed that experimental inductions of a belongingness deficit augmented nostalgia, providing support for its compensatory role.

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e-pub ahead of print date: 8 August 2013
Published date: November 2013


Local EPrints ID: 358017
ISSN: 0191-8869
PURE UUID: fb81e4a2-997a-4bc3-85e9-7fd8289c042f

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Date deposited: 27 Sep 2013 11:32
Last modified: 30 Aug 2017 05:37

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Author: Johannes Seehusen
Author: Filipo Cordaro
Author: Tim Wildschut
Author: Clay Routledge
Author: Ginette C. Blackhart
Author: Kai Epstude
Author: Ad J.J.M. Vingerhoets,

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