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The EU and international adoption from Romania

The EU and international adoption from Romania
The EU and international adoption from Romania
The European Union (EU) has applied an anti-inter-country adoption (ICA) policy in Romania as part of EU accession conditionality, while after 2007 the EU promoted a pro-ICA approach. Romania had to overhaul its child protection system and ban ICA before it could become an EU member, while its current legislation maintains the ban on ICA. However, since 2007 the EU has been demanding that Romanian authorities resume ICA from Romania. This article examines the factors and processes which shaped the EU’s ‘chameleonic’ policy on ICA in relation to Romania. The child protection system in Romania still faces significant shortcomings. However, it is shown that the EU’s embrace of a pro-ICA policy after 2007 does not constitute a response to the problems faced by child protection in Romania. On the contrary, the EU’s plea for the liberalization of ICA from Romania is the outcome of a combination of endogenous factors, such as the EU’s own embrace of a children’s rights policy and its biased interpretation of key international instruments on ICA and child rights, and exogenous factors, such as adoption lobbies, which succeeded in getting their grievances onto the agenda of EU institutions.
1360-9939
1-27
Iusmen, Ingi
696395c1-d60e-4fbd-aa2b-98aeecaa64b2
Iusmen, Ingi
696395c1-d60e-4fbd-aa2b-98aeecaa64b2

Iusmen, Ingi (2013) The EU and international adoption from Romania. International Journal of Law, Policy and the Family, 27 (1), 1-27. (doi:10.1093/lawfam/ebs015).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The European Union (EU) has applied an anti-inter-country adoption (ICA) policy in Romania as part of EU accession conditionality, while after 2007 the EU promoted a pro-ICA approach. Romania had to overhaul its child protection system and ban ICA before it could become an EU member, while its current legislation maintains the ban on ICA. However, since 2007 the EU has been demanding that Romanian authorities resume ICA from Romania. This article examines the factors and processes which shaped the EU’s ‘chameleonic’ policy on ICA in relation to Romania. The child protection system in Romania still faces significant shortcomings. However, it is shown that the EU’s embrace of a pro-ICA policy after 2007 does not constitute a response to the problems faced by child protection in Romania. On the contrary, the EU’s plea for the liberalization of ICA from Romania is the outcome of a combination of endogenous factors, such as the EU’s own embrace of a children’s rights policy and its biased interpretation of key international instruments on ICA and child rights, and exogenous factors, such as adoption lobbies, which succeeded in getting their grievances onto the agenda of EU institutions.

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More information

e-pub ahead of print date: 1 February 2013
Published date: 2013
Organisations: Politics & International Relations

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 359053
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/359053
ISSN: 1360-9939
PURE UUID: 0ee8a80b-6452-4318-88c8-8d31846cf33c
ORCID for Ingi Iusmen: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-6658-0667

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 29 Oct 2013 09:00
Last modified: 09 Jan 2022 03:45

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