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Establishing the evidence base for maintaining biodiversity and ecosystem function in the oil palm landscapes of South East Asia

Establishing the evidence base for maintaining biodiversity and ecosystem function in the oil palm landscapes of South East Asia
Establishing the evidence base for maintaining biodiversity and ecosystem function in the oil palm landscapes of South East Asia
The conversion of natural forest to oil palm plantation is a major current threat to the conservation of biodiversity in South East Asia. Most animal taxa decrease in both species richness and abundance on conversion of forest to oil palm, and there is usually a severe loss of forest species. The extent of loss varies significantly across both different taxa and different microhabitats within the oil palm habitat. The principal driver of this loss in diversity is probably the biological and physical simplification of the habitat, but there is little direct evidence for this. The conservation of forest species requires the preservation of large reserves of intact forest, but we must not lose sight of the importance of conserving biodiversity and ecosystem processes within the oil palm habitat itself. We urgently need to carry out research that will establish whether maintaining diversity supports economically and ecologically important processes. There is some evidence that both landscape and local complexity can have positive impacts on biodiversity in the oil palm habitat. By intelligent manipulation of habitat complexity, it could be possible to enhance not only the number of species that can live in oil palm plantations but also their contribution to the healthy functioning of this exceptionally important and widespread landscape.
0962-8436
3277-3291
Foster, William A.
70203963-790e-408c-a632-f8e40c504d59
Snaddon, Jake L.
31a601f7-c9b0-45e2-b59b-fda9a0c5a54b
Turner, Edgar C.
eb83e88d-a250-4c65-9b1e-0113d778fdd2
Fayle, Tom M.
a4b1b9e4-5023-4460-9b22-167ab3b042dd
Cockerill, Timothy D.
ad5fb509-66d5-41d7-982b-d52205dbdef4
Ellwood, M.D. Farnon
e56ab14c-b0e7-4d63-9993-3d00feb6919e
Broad, Gavin R.
457d7fb7-f634-4164-8186-86f7e89df17a
Chung, Arthur Y.C.
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Eggleton, Paul
165575cf-831e-4553-9728-e61790896466
Khen, Chey V.
1dcebccc-45d1-488a-9abe-3f3ea3899d39
Yusah, Kalsum M.
d964dd89-2ae1-4676-b285-66f9df4a9589
Foster, William A.
70203963-790e-408c-a632-f8e40c504d59
Snaddon, Jake L.
31a601f7-c9b0-45e2-b59b-fda9a0c5a54b
Turner, Edgar C.
eb83e88d-a250-4c65-9b1e-0113d778fdd2
Fayle, Tom M.
a4b1b9e4-5023-4460-9b22-167ab3b042dd
Cockerill, Timothy D.
ad5fb509-66d5-41d7-982b-d52205dbdef4
Ellwood, M.D. Farnon
e56ab14c-b0e7-4d63-9993-3d00feb6919e
Broad, Gavin R.
457d7fb7-f634-4164-8186-86f7e89df17a
Chung, Arthur Y.C.
c54d30b9-c728-43c7-b642-6f91c7ce37a6
Eggleton, Paul
165575cf-831e-4553-9728-e61790896466
Khen, Chey V.
1dcebccc-45d1-488a-9abe-3f3ea3899d39
Yusah, Kalsum M.
d964dd89-2ae1-4676-b285-66f9df4a9589

Foster, William A., Snaddon, Jake L., Turner, Edgar C., Fayle, Tom M., Cockerill, Timothy D., Ellwood, M.D. Farnon, Broad, Gavin R., Chung, Arthur Y.C., Eggleton, Paul, Khen, Chey V. and Yusah, Kalsum M. (2011) Establishing the evidence base for maintaining biodiversity and ecosystem function in the oil palm landscapes of South East Asia. Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society B Biological Sciences, 366 (1582), 3277-3291.

Record type: Article

Abstract

The conversion of natural forest to oil palm plantation is a major current threat to the conservation of biodiversity in South East Asia. Most animal taxa decrease in both species richness and abundance on conversion of forest to oil palm, and there is usually a severe loss of forest species. The extent of loss varies significantly across both different taxa and different microhabitats within the oil palm habitat. The principal driver of this loss in diversity is probably the biological and physical simplification of the habitat, but there is little direct evidence for this. The conservation of forest species requires the preservation of large reserves of intact forest, but we must not lose sight of the importance of conserving biodiversity and ecosystem processes within the oil palm habitat itself. We urgently need to carry out research that will establish whether maintaining diversity supports economically and ecologically important processes. There is some evidence that both landscape and local complexity can have positive impacts on biodiversity in the oil palm habitat. By intelligent manipulation of habitat complexity, it could be possible to enhance not only the number of species that can live in oil palm plantations but also their contribution to the healthy functioning of this exceptionally important and widespread landscape.

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More information

Published date: 27 November 2011
Organisations: Centre for Biological Sciences

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 359398
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/359398
ISSN: 0962-8436
PURE UUID: 382b318c-30d2-41c6-ac73-c9547b866e0d
ORCID for Jake L. Snaddon: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-3549-5472

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 30 Oct 2013 15:01
Last modified: 06 Jun 2018 12:23

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Contributors

Author: William A. Foster
Author: Jake L. Snaddon ORCID iD
Author: Edgar C. Turner
Author: Tom M. Fayle
Author: Timothy D. Cockerill
Author: M.D. Farnon Ellwood
Author: Gavin R. Broad
Author: Arthur Y.C. Chung
Author: Paul Eggleton
Author: Chey V. Khen
Author: Kalsum M. Yusah

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