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A bioturbation classification of European marine infaunal invertebrates

A bioturbation classification of European marine infaunal invertebrates
A bioturbation classification of European marine infaunal invertebrates
Bioturbation, the biogenic modification of sediments through particle reworking and burrow ventilation, is a key mediator of many important geochemical processes in marine systems. In situ quantification of bioturbation can be achieved in a myriad of ways, requiring expert knowledge, technology, and resources not always available, and not feasible in some settings. Where dedicated research programmes do not exist, a practical alternative is the adoption of a trait-based approach to estimate community bioturbation potential (BPc). This index can be calculated from inventories of species, abundance and biomass data (routinely available for many systems), and a functional classification of organism traits associated with sediment mixing (less available). Presently, however, there is no agreed standard categorization for the reworking mode and mobility of benthic species. Based on information from the literature and expert opinion, we provide a functional classification for 1033 benthic invertebrate species from the northwest European continental shelf, as a tool to enable the standardized calculation of BPc in the region. Future uses of this classification table will increase the comparability and utility of large-scale assessments of ecosystem processes and functioning influenced by bioturbation (e.g., to support legislation). The key strengths, assumptions, and limitations of BPc as a metric are critically reviewed, offering guidelines for its calculation and application.
biodiversity, biogeochemical, ecosystem function, functional group, good environmental status, marine strategy framework directive, process, trait
3958-3985
Queirós, Ana M.
d025b945-6df7-4038-a887-eea952e07182
Birchenough, Silvana N.R.
487ddf12-f7fb-42c2-8a67-52a2e8fdff90
Bremner, Julie
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Godbold, Jasmin A.
df6da569-e7ea-43ca-8a95-a563829fb88a
Parker, Ruth E.
6840ef28-0e2c-4580-af9e-fcb3442251ec
Romero-Ramirez, Alicia
7726fd3a-8a21-4b82-8983-08d005fc4a68
Reiss, Henning
5127f818-15f1-42b0-baa4-a0636538b111
Solan, Martin
c28b294a-1db6-4677-8eab-bd8d6221fecf
Somerfield, Paul J.
0ca047e9-0757-49b3-b527-4e9c9ec22f93
Van Colen, Carl
c10096ea-5e54-48a7-9064-3ba9d2edf801
Van Hoey, Gert
ebcdd0ce-dfa6-40ae-a700-cf768e90d3dc
Widdicombe, Stephen
3ecf2b3e-6b3f-4f2f-86c5-baf070e8c82b
Queirós, Ana M.
d025b945-6df7-4038-a887-eea952e07182
Birchenough, Silvana N.R.
487ddf12-f7fb-42c2-8a67-52a2e8fdff90
Bremner, Julie
7f0556a2-dc0d-4417-87a0-a1688e1964eb
Godbold, Jasmin A.
df6da569-e7ea-43ca-8a95-a563829fb88a
Parker, Ruth E.
6840ef28-0e2c-4580-af9e-fcb3442251ec
Romero-Ramirez, Alicia
7726fd3a-8a21-4b82-8983-08d005fc4a68
Reiss, Henning
5127f818-15f1-42b0-baa4-a0636538b111
Solan, Martin
c28b294a-1db6-4677-8eab-bd8d6221fecf
Somerfield, Paul J.
0ca047e9-0757-49b3-b527-4e9c9ec22f93
Van Colen, Carl
c10096ea-5e54-48a7-9064-3ba9d2edf801
Van Hoey, Gert
ebcdd0ce-dfa6-40ae-a700-cf768e90d3dc
Widdicombe, Stephen
3ecf2b3e-6b3f-4f2f-86c5-baf070e8c82b

Queirós, Ana M., Birchenough, Silvana N.R., Bremner, Julie, Godbold, Jasmin A., Parker, Ruth E., Romero-Ramirez, Alicia, Reiss, Henning, Solan, Martin, Somerfield, Paul J., Van Colen, Carl, Van Hoey, Gert and Widdicombe, Stephen (2013) A bioturbation classification of European marine infaunal invertebrates. Ecology and Evolution, 3 (11), 3958-3985. (doi:10.1002/ece3.769).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Bioturbation, the biogenic modification of sediments through particle reworking and burrow ventilation, is a key mediator of many important geochemical processes in marine systems. In situ quantification of bioturbation can be achieved in a myriad of ways, requiring expert knowledge, technology, and resources not always available, and not feasible in some settings. Where dedicated research programmes do not exist, a practical alternative is the adoption of a trait-based approach to estimate community bioturbation potential (BPc). This index can be calculated from inventories of species, abundance and biomass data (routinely available for many systems), and a functional classification of organism traits associated with sediment mixing (less available). Presently, however, there is no agreed standard categorization for the reworking mode and mobility of benthic species. Based on information from the literature and expert opinion, we provide a functional classification for 1033 benthic invertebrate species from the northwest European continental shelf, as a tool to enable the standardized calculation of BPc in the region. Future uses of this classification table will increase the comparability and utility of large-scale assessments of ecosystem processes and functioning influenced by bioturbation (e.g., to support legislation). The key strengths, assumptions, and limitations of BPc as a metric are critically reviewed, offering guidelines for its calculation and application.

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e-pub ahead of print date: 17 September 2013
Published date: October 2013
Keywords: biodiversity, biogeochemical, ecosystem function, functional group, good environmental status, marine strategy framework directive, process, trait
Organisations: Ocean and Earth Science

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 359631
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/359631
PURE UUID: bd382530-2fec-46ae-99d8-22bcd92a272a
ORCID for Jasmin A. Godbold: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-5558-8188
ORCID for Martin Solan: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-9924-5574

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 06 Nov 2013 16:07
Last modified: 28 Apr 2022 02:06

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Contributors

Author: Ana M. Queirós
Author: Silvana N.R. Birchenough
Author: Julie Bremner
Author: Ruth E. Parker
Author: Alicia Romero-Ramirez
Author: Henning Reiss
Author: Martin Solan ORCID iD
Author: Paul J. Somerfield
Author: Carl Van Colen
Author: Gert Van Hoey
Author: Stephen Widdicombe

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