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Optical trapping and optical sources for nanophotonics

Optical trapping and optical sources for nanophotonics
Optical trapping and optical sources for nanophotonics
In this thesis I describe work that I have done in two separate research areas. The first involves optical micro manipulation of nano-scale objects and their orientation. The second concerns the development of a semiconductor laser to provide high beam quality,average and peak power and short pulse durations. Optical tweezers are an excellent tool to manipulate nano scale objects in all three dimensions. An additional degree of control, the rotational alignment of assymetrical particles, is demonstrated by polarisation analysis of two photon induced fluorescence of the trapped and rotated semiconductor nanorods.Mode-locked vertical external-cavity surface emitting lasers (VECSELs) have recently achieved multi-watt average power levels. Nevertheless the need to optimize the gain structure design, in order to consistently obtain sub 200 fs pulse durations, still remains. The evolution of the intra-cavity power build-up transient is utilized for a novel spectro-temporal technique which allows for the extraction of the curvature of the gain spectrum during actual operation and enables the observation of the evolution of the gain spectrum during lasing build-up. In addition a method to obtain the total cavity loss via the combination of the power build-up transient and photo luminescence decline, during lasing onset is shown. The use of an amplified, femtosecond-pulsed and GHz repetition rate VECSEL to generate multi-watt average power supercontinuum in photonic crystal fibres (PCFs) is presented. Supercontinuum generation with GHz pulse repetition rates is of interest for frequency combs as the high repetition rate increases the mode spacing of the comb and energy per mode. Two different PCFs, one with an all-normal dispersion profile and one with a zero dispersion wavelength (ZDW) at 1040 nm, are pumped with the amplified VECSEL pulses generating spectral components over 200 nm and 500 nm, respectively. The thesis concludes with a proposal to use the advantages of both optical tweezers and VECSELs to analyse and resonantly excite the vibrational frequencies of single nano-scale objects.
Head, Christopher Robin
922f7471-8be9-4da0-8e79-3ec7c4ba4ad9
Head, Christopher Robin
922f7471-8be9-4da0-8e79-3ec7c4ba4ad9
Tropper, A.C.
f3505426-e0d5-4e91-aed3-aecdb44b393c

Head, Christopher Robin (2013) Optical trapping and optical sources for nanophotonics. University of Southampton, Faculty Of Physical Science And Engineering, Doctoral Thesis, 136pp.

Record type: Thesis (Doctoral)

Abstract

In this thesis I describe work that I have done in two separate research areas. The first involves optical micro manipulation of nano-scale objects and their orientation. The second concerns the development of a semiconductor laser to provide high beam quality,average and peak power and short pulse durations. Optical tweezers are an excellent tool to manipulate nano scale objects in all three dimensions. An additional degree of control, the rotational alignment of assymetrical particles, is demonstrated by polarisation analysis of two photon induced fluorescence of the trapped and rotated semiconductor nanorods.Mode-locked vertical external-cavity surface emitting lasers (VECSELs) have recently achieved multi-watt average power levels. Nevertheless the need to optimize the gain structure design, in order to consistently obtain sub 200 fs pulse durations, still remains. The evolution of the intra-cavity power build-up transient is utilized for a novel spectro-temporal technique which allows for the extraction of the curvature of the gain spectrum during actual operation and enables the observation of the evolution of the gain spectrum during lasing build-up. In addition a method to obtain the total cavity loss via the combination of the power build-up transient and photo luminescence decline, during lasing onset is shown. The use of an amplified, femtosecond-pulsed and GHz repetition rate VECSEL to generate multi-watt average power supercontinuum in photonic crystal fibres (PCFs) is presented. Supercontinuum generation with GHz pulse repetition rates is of interest for frequency combs as the high repetition rate increases the mode spacing of the comb and energy per mode. Two different PCFs, one with an all-normal dispersion profile and one with a zero dispersion wavelength (ZDW) at 1040 nm, are pumped with the amplified VECSEL pulses generating spectral components over 200 nm and 500 nm, respectively. The thesis concludes with a proposal to use the advantages of both optical tweezers and VECSELs to analyse and resonantly excite the vibrational frequencies of single nano-scale objects.

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More information

Published date: September 2013
Organisations: University of Southampton, Physics & Astronomy

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 359888
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/359888
PURE UUID: 53a65eed-63c9-4c9f-b189-eba78395ea01

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 17 Dec 2013 10:49
Last modified: 20 Nov 2021 16:08

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Contributors

Author: Christopher Robin Head
Thesis advisor: A.C. Tropper

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