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Ultrashort laser modification of transparent materials: synergy of excitation/relaxation kinetics, thermodynamics and mechanics

Ultrashort laser modification of transparent materials: synergy of excitation/relaxation kinetics, thermodynamics and mechanics
Ultrashort laser modification of transparent materials: synergy of excitation/relaxation kinetics, thermodynamics and mechanics
Ultrafast laser modification of transparent materials is an important technique enabling production of 3D photonic structures whose practical applications are rapidly widening. The physics behind laser-induced modifications is extremely rich and involves a variety of consecutive processes initiated by radiation absorption during the laser pulse and extending to millisecond timescales when the final structure becomes "frozen" in the material matrix. The quality of the final structures depends of the synergetic action of excitation of confined electron plasma, its relaxation with drawing matter into different thermodynamic states from soft heating to extreme conditions, generation of GPa pressures resulting in shock-induced material deformations, re-forming of covalent bonds upon photo-excitation of the material network. In this report, we will review the physical processes responsible for various forms of laser-induced modification in wide-bandgap materials, including volume nanograting formation. We will present the modeling results obtained on the basis of the Maxwell's equations supplemented with equations describing the dynamics of the laser-induced electron plasma on the example of silica glass for typical experimental conditions. The temperature and associated stress levels are mapped in the laser energy absorption zone which may be foreseen at the end of electron - glass matrix relaxation, enabling to make conclusions on the routes of glass modification. Finally, the energy balance is considered, matching the free electron density and temperature with several threshold values (melting, plastic deformation, material failure with void formation, sublimation).
2169-0022
195
Bulgakova, N.M.
93408577-3dbe-4db7-8312-df6ce560209f
Zhukov, V.P.
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Meshcheryakov, Y.P.
53561fc5-9759-4604-88b0-0ddf591cdae3
Kazansky, P.G.
a5d123ec-8ea8-408c-8963-4a6d921fd76c
Bulgakova, N.M.
93408577-3dbe-4db7-8312-df6ce560209f
Zhukov, V.P.
0a08a5b0-1b77-404a-a119-ea7d47cf631d
Meshcheryakov, Y.P.
53561fc5-9759-4604-88b0-0ddf591cdae3
Kazansky, P.G.
a5d123ec-8ea8-408c-8963-4a6d921fd76c

Bulgakova, N.M., Zhukov, V.P., Meshcheryakov, Y.P. and Kazansky, P.G. (2012) Ultrashort laser modification of transparent materials: synergy of excitation/relaxation kinetics, thermodynamics and mechanics. Journal of Material Science and Engineering, 1 (3), 195. (doi:10.4172/2169-0022.S1.008).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Ultrafast laser modification of transparent materials is an important technique enabling production of 3D photonic structures whose practical applications are rapidly widening. The physics behind laser-induced modifications is extremely rich and involves a variety of consecutive processes initiated by radiation absorption during the laser pulse and extending to millisecond timescales when the final structure becomes "frozen" in the material matrix. The quality of the final structures depends of the synergetic action of excitation of confined electron plasma, its relaxation with drawing matter into different thermodynamic states from soft heating to extreme conditions, generation of GPa pressures resulting in shock-induced material deformations, re-forming of covalent bonds upon photo-excitation of the material network. In this report, we will review the physical processes responsible for various forms of laser-induced modification in wide-bandgap materials, including volume nanograting formation. We will present the modeling results obtained on the basis of the Maxwell's equations supplemented with equations describing the dynamics of the laser-induced electron plasma on the example of silica glass for typical experimental conditions. The temperature and associated stress levels are mapped in the laser energy absorption zone which may be foreseen at the end of electron - glass matrix relaxation, enabling to make conclusions on the routes of glass modification. Finally, the energy balance is considered, matching the free electron density and temperature with several threshold values (melting, plastic deformation, material failure with void formation, sublimation).

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Published date: 2012
Additional Information: Abstract of paper presented at International Conference and Expo on Materials Science & Engineering, October 22-24, 2012, Chicago North Shore, USA
Organisations: Optoelectronics Research Centre

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Local EPrints ID: 360096
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/360096
ISSN: 2169-0022
PURE UUID: ba9a5a2a-6a12-4440-b61b-b96016ab8d57

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Date deposited: 25 Nov 2013 15:09
Last modified: 13 Dec 2018 12:31

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Contributors

Author: N.M. Bulgakova
Author: V.P. Zhukov
Author: Y.P. Meshcheryakov
Author: P.G. Kazansky

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