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Mixed methods in CAM research: a systematic review of studies published in 2012

Mixed methods in CAM research: a systematic review of studies published in 2012
Mixed methods in CAM research: a systematic review of studies published in 2012
Background. Mixed methods research uses qualitative and quantitative methods together in a single study or a series of related studies.

Objectives. To review the prevalence and quality of mixed methods studies in complementary medicine.
Methods. All studies published in the top 10 integrative and complementary medicine journals in 2012 were screened. The quality of mixed methods studies was appraised using a published tool designed for mixed methods studies.

Results. 4% of papers (95 out of 2349) reported mixed methods studies, 80 of which met criteria for applying the quality appraisal tool.The most popular formal mixed methods design was triangulation (used by 74% of studies), followed by embedded (14%), sequential explanatory (8%), and
finally sequential exploratory (5%). Quantitative components were generally of higher quality than qualitative components; when quantitative components involved RCTs theywere of particularly high quality.Commonmethodological limitationswere identified.
Most strikingly, none of the 80 mixed methods studies addressed the philosophical tensions inherent in mixing qualitative and quantitativemethods.

Conclusions and Implications.The quality of mixed methods research in CAMcan be enhanced by addressing philosophical tensions and improving reporting of (a) analytic methods and reflexivity (in qualitative components) and (b) sampling and recruitment-related procedures (in all components).
1741-427X
1-12
Bishop, Felicity L.
1f5429c5-325f-4ac4-aae3-6ba85d079928
Holmes, Michelle M.
83deb057-57c5-48ec-a140-317676865ed8
Bishop, Felicity L.
1f5429c5-325f-4ac4-aae3-6ba85d079928
Holmes, Michelle M.
83deb057-57c5-48ec-a140-317676865ed8

Bishop, Felicity L. and Holmes, Michelle M. (2013) Mixed methods in CAM research: a systematic review of studies published in 2012. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2013, 1-12. (doi:10.1155/2013/187365). (PMID:187365)

Record type: Article

Abstract

Background. Mixed methods research uses qualitative and quantitative methods together in a single study or a series of related studies.

Objectives. To review the prevalence and quality of mixed methods studies in complementary medicine.
Methods. All studies published in the top 10 integrative and complementary medicine journals in 2012 were screened. The quality of mixed methods studies was appraised using a published tool designed for mixed methods studies.

Results. 4% of papers (95 out of 2349) reported mixed methods studies, 80 of which met criteria for applying the quality appraisal tool.The most popular formal mixed methods design was triangulation (used by 74% of studies), followed by embedded (14%), sequential explanatory (8%), and
finally sequential exploratory (5%). Quantitative components were generally of higher quality than qualitative components; when quantitative components involved RCTs theywere of particularly high quality.Commonmethodological limitationswere identified.
Most strikingly, none of the 80 mixed methods studies addressed the philosophical tensions inherent in mixing qualitative and quantitativemethods.

Conclusions and Implications.The quality of mixed methods research in CAMcan be enhanced by addressing philosophical tensions and improving reporting of (a) analytic methods and reflexivity (in qualitative components) and (b) sampling and recruitment-related procedures (in all components).

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Published date: 23 December 2013
Organisations: Psychology

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 360931
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/360931
ISSN: 1741-427X
PURE UUID: 3aeb6f02-4a4b-4463-969c-76bd8ae729f0
ORCID for Felicity L. Bishop: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-8737-6662

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Date deposited: 09 Jan 2014 11:59
Last modified: 06 Jun 2018 12:47

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