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An analysis of influenza outbreaks in institutions and enclosed societies

An analysis of influenza outbreaks in institutions and enclosed societies
An analysis of influenza outbreaks in institutions and enclosed societies
SUMMARY This paper considers the reported attack ratio arising from outbreaks of influenza in enclosed societies. These societies are isolated from the wider community and have greater opportunities for contact between members which would aid the spread of disease. While the particular kind of society (prison, care home, school, barracks, etc.) was not a significant factor in an adjusted model of attack ratio, a person's occupation within the society was. In particular, children and military personnel suffer a greater attack ratio than other occupational types (staff, prisoners, etc.). There was no temporal trend in final attack ratio nor, with the exception of 1918, do pandemic years show abnormal attack ratios. We also observed that as community size increases, the attack ratio undergoes steep nonlinear decline. This statistical analysis draws attention to how the organization of such societies, their size and the occupations of individuals within them affect the final attack ratio.
0950-2688
107-113
Finnie, T.J.R.
6dae9f6b-4de9-4015-85eb-b6ecc832ec79
Copley, V.R.
1f1d38c3-7a9c-4358-8bc2-e2c1374b4a51
Hall, I.M.
442e6a3c-4fdd-4964-aaf2-70b8e52cdd70
Leach, S.
6bd55fb6-3cdd-4b1b-914b-06f8270b687c
Finnie, T.J.R.
6dae9f6b-4de9-4015-85eb-b6ecc832ec79
Copley, V.R.
1f1d38c3-7a9c-4358-8bc2-e2c1374b4a51
Hall, I.M.
442e6a3c-4fdd-4964-aaf2-70b8e52cdd70
Leach, S.
6bd55fb6-3cdd-4b1b-914b-06f8270b687c

Finnie, T.J.R., Copley, V.R., Hall, I.M. and Leach, S. (2014) An analysis of influenza outbreaks in institutions and enclosed societies. Epidemiology and Infection, 142 (1), 107-113. (doi:10.1017/S0950268813000733). (PMID:22357982)

Record type: Article

Abstract

SUMMARY This paper considers the reported attack ratio arising from outbreaks of influenza in enclosed societies. These societies are isolated from the wider community and have greater opportunities for contact between members which would aid the spread of disease. While the particular kind of society (prison, care home, school, barracks, etc.) was not a significant factor in an adjusted model of attack ratio, a person's occupation within the society was. In particular, children and military personnel suffer a greater attack ratio than other occupational types (staff, prisoners, etc.). There was no temporal trend in final attack ratio nor, with the exception of 1918, do pandemic years show abnormal attack ratios. We also observed that as community size increases, the attack ratio undergoes steep nonlinear decline. This statistical analysis draws attention to how the organization of such societies, their size and the occupations of individuals within them affect the final attack ratio.

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Published date: January 2014
Organisations: Faculty of Medicine

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 361218
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/361218
ISSN: 0950-2688
PURE UUID: 3011e811-16ff-406f-a3d5-38565a915148

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Date deposited: 16 Jan 2014 11:41
Last modified: 16 Jul 2019 21:14

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Contributors

Author: T.J.R. Finnie
Author: V.R. Copley
Author: I.M. Hall
Author: S. Leach

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