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Social Machines

Social Machines
Social Machines
The term ‘social machine’ has recently been coined to refer to Web-based systems that support a variety of socially-relevant processes. Such systems (e.g., Wikipedia, Galaxy Zoo, Facebook, and reCAPTCHA) are progressively altering the way a broad array of social activities are performed, ranging from the way we communicate and transmit knowledge, establish romantic partnerships, generate ideas, produce goods and maintain friendships. They are also poised to deliver new kinds of intelligent processing capability by virtue of their ability to integrate the complementary contributions of both the human social environment and a global nexus of distributed computational resources. This chapter provides an overview of recent research into social machines. It examines what social machines are and discusses the kinds of social machines that currently exist. It also presents a range of issues that are the focus of current research attention within the Web Science community.
social machines, social computing, collective intelligence, web science, world wide web, social web, social media, socio-technical system, social computation
6855-6862
IGI Global
Smart, Paul R
cd8a3dbf-d963-4009-80fb-76ecc93579df
Shadbolt, Nigel R
5c5acdf4-ad42-49b6-81fe-e9db58c2caf7
Khosrow-Pour, Mehdi
Smart, Paul R
cd8a3dbf-d963-4009-80fb-76ecc93579df
Shadbolt, Nigel R
5c5acdf4-ad42-49b6-81fe-e9db58c2caf7
Khosrow-Pour, Mehdi

Smart, Paul R and Shadbolt, Nigel R (2014) Social Machines. In, Khosrow-Pour, Mehdi (ed.) Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology. Hershey, Pennsylvania, USA. IGI Global, pp. 6855-6862. , (doi:10.4018/978-1-4666-5888-2.ch675).

Record type: Book Section

Abstract

The term ‘social machine’ has recently been coined to refer to Web-based systems that support a variety of socially-relevant processes. Such systems (e.g., Wikipedia, Galaxy Zoo, Facebook, and reCAPTCHA) are progressively altering the way a broad array of social activities are performed, ranging from the way we communicate and transmit knowledge, establish romantic partnerships, generate ideas, produce goods and maintain friendships. They are also poised to deliver new kinds of intelligent processing capability by virtue of their ability to integrate the complementary contributions of both the human social environment and a global nexus of distributed computational resources. This chapter provides an overview of recent research into social machines. It examines what social machines are and discusses the kinds of social machines that currently exist. It also presents a range of issues that are the focus of current research attention within the Web Science community.

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More information

Published date: 30 August 2014
Keywords: social machines, social computing, collective intelligence, web science, world wide web, social web, social media, socio-technical system, social computation
Organisations: Web & Internet Science

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 361399
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/361399
PURE UUID: 927ff4d9-17f3-4690-8ecd-999138e6fa32
ORCID for Paul R Smart: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-9989-5307

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 20 Jan 2014 10:08
Last modified: 06 Jun 2018 12:46

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