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Physical capability and subsequent positive mental wellbeing in older people: findings from five HALCyon cohorts

Physical capability and subsequent positive mental wellbeing in older people: findings from five HALCyon cohorts
Physical capability and subsequent positive mental wellbeing in older people: findings from five HALCyon cohorts
Objective measures of physical capability are being used in a growing number of studies as biomarkers of healthy ageing. However, very little research has been done to assess the impact of physical capability on subsequent positive mental wellbeing, the maintenance of which is widely considered to be an essential component of healthy ageing. We aimed to test the associations of grip strength and walking, timed get up and go and chair rise speeds (assessed at ages 53 to 82 years) with positive mental wellbeing assessed using the Warwick–Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale (WEMWBS) 5 to 10 years later. Data were drawn from five British cohorts participating in the Healthy Ageing across the Life Course research collaboration. Data from each study were analysed separately and then combined using random-effects meta-analyses. Higher levels of physical capability were consistently associated with higher subsequent levels of wellbeing; for example, a 1SD increase in grip strength was associated with an age and sex-adjusted mean difference in WEMWBS score of 0.81 (0.25, 1.37), equivalent to 10 % of a standard deviation (three studies, N?=?3,096). When adjusted for body size, health status, living alone, socioeconomic position and neuroticism the associations remained albeit attenuated. The finding of these consistent modest associations across five studies, spanning early and later old age, highlights the importance of maintaining physical capability in later life and provides additional justification for using objective measures of physical capability as markers of healthy ageing.
physical capability, positive mental wellbeing, grip strength, walking speed, chair rise time
0161-9152
445-456
Cooper, R.
6cd7b578-a1fa-4511-bc7d-9addc4baf372
Stafford, M.
c6576540-d4cd-40a0-8f06-01604e7ba9ad
Hardy, R.
b3f0f66e-4cda-4e9a-aca1-955f7ecdd132
Aihie Sayer, A.
fb4c2053-6d51-4fc1-9489-c3cb431b0ffb
Ben-Shlomo, Y.
920afa6a-6f07-48ff-a238-24fd5cdd1638
Cooper, C.
e05f5612-b493-4273-9b71-9e0ce32bdad6
Craig, L.
6176e078-5406-4c8b-8c3f-23d0e9ce35d6
Deary, I.J.
e3403cfe-eb5b-4941-903d-87ef0db89c60
Gallacher, J.
387c039a-cbec-4846-8924-03f7af9c8a46
McNeill, G.
f9d50c81-5909-406b-9f0e-feb516e37186
Starr, J.M.
efba1461-fa5a-4669-9801-d6530f48d01c
Kuh, D.
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Gale, C.R.
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HALCyon Study Team
Cooper, R.
6cd7b578-a1fa-4511-bc7d-9addc4baf372
Stafford, M.
c6576540-d4cd-40a0-8f06-01604e7ba9ad
Hardy, R.
b3f0f66e-4cda-4e9a-aca1-955f7ecdd132
Aihie Sayer, A.
fb4c2053-6d51-4fc1-9489-c3cb431b0ffb
Ben-Shlomo, Y.
920afa6a-6f07-48ff-a238-24fd5cdd1638
Cooper, C.
e05f5612-b493-4273-9b71-9e0ce32bdad6
Craig, L.
6176e078-5406-4c8b-8c3f-23d0e9ce35d6
Deary, I.J.
e3403cfe-eb5b-4941-903d-87ef0db89c60
Gallacher, J.
387c039a-cbec-4846-8924-03f7af9c8a46
McNeill, G.
f9d50c81-5909-406b-9f0e-feb516e37186
Starr, J.M.
efba1461-fa5a-4669-9801-d6530f48d01c
Kuh, D.
6c5d95a4-433d-4895-bd95-86a7d5fe76a5
Gale, C.R.
5bb2abb3-7b53-42d6-8aa7-817e193140c8

Cooper, R., Stafford, M., Hardy, R., Aihie Sayer, A., Ben-Shlomo, Y., Cooper, C., Craig, L., Deary, I.J., Gallacher, J., McNeill, G., Starr, J.M., Kuh, D. and Gale, C.R. , HALCyon Study Team (2014) Physical capability and subsequent positive mental wellbeing in older people: findings from five HALCyon cohorts. Age, 36 (1), 445-456. (doi:10.1007/s11357-013-9553-8). (PMID:23818103)

Record type: Article

Abstract

Objective measures of physical capability are being used in a growing number of studies as biomarkers of healthy ageing. However, very little research has been done to assess the impact of physical capability on subsequent positive mental wellbeing, the maintenance of which is widely considered to be an essential component of healthy ageing. We aimed to test the associations of grip strength and walking, timed get up and go and chair rise speeds (assessed at ages 53 to 82 years) with positive mental wellbeing assessed using the Warwick–Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale (WEMWBS) 5 to 10 years later. Data were drawn from five British cohorts participating in the Healthy Ageing across the Life Course research collaboration. Data from each study were analysed separately and then combined using random-effects meta-analyses. Higher levels of physical capability were consistently associated with higher subsequent levels of wellbeing; for example, a 1SD increase in grip strength was associated with an age and sex-adjusted mean difference in WEMWBS score of 0.81 (0.25, 1.37), equivalent to 10 % of a standard deviation (three studies, N?=?3,096). When adjusted for body size, health status, living alone, socioeconomic position and neuroticism the associations remained albeit attenuated. The finding of these consistent modest associations across five studies, spanning early and later old age, highlights the importance of maintaining physical capability in later life and provides additional justification for using objective measures of physical capability as markers of healthy ageing.

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More information

e-pub ahead of print date: 2 July 2013
Published date: February 2014
Keywords: physical capability, positive mental wellbeing, grip strength, walking speed, chair rise time
Organisations: Faculty of Medicine

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 361690
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/361690
ISSN: 0161-9152
PURE UUID: cdbf34ce-eb0f-49b7-98f2-66b7819fc95b
ORCID for C. Cooper: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-3510-0709
ORCID for C.R. Gale: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-3361-8638

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 30 Jan 2014 11:27
Last modified: 18 Feb 2021 16:48

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Contributors

Author: R. Cooper
Author: M. Stafford
Author: R. Hardy
Author: A. Aihie Sayer
Author: Y. Ben-Shlomo
Author: C. Cooper ORCID iD
Author: L. Craig
Author: I.J. Deary
Author: J. Gallacher
Author: G. McNeill
Author: J.M. Starr
Author: D. Kuh
Author: C.R. Gale ORCID iD
Corporate Author: HALCyon Study Team

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