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Light rare-earth enrichment of supra subduction-zone mantle: Evidence from the Troodos ophiolite, Cyprus

Light rare-earth enrichment of supra subduction-zone mantle: Evidence from the Troodos ophiolite, Cyprus
Light rare-earth enrichment of supra subduction-zone mantle: Evidence from the Troodos ophiolite, Cyprus
Geochemical data (including rare-earth elements [REE]) are presented for the primitive (high-MgO) glassy lavas from the upper sections of the Troodos ophiolite. Al2O3/TiO2 ratios are used as an index of degrees of mantle melting and/or successive depletion events. The sources of the lavas have undergone both a ubiquitous introduction of low field-strength elements and a selective addition of light REE, suggesting a two-stage mantle contamination model. Correlations between Al2O3/TiO2 ratios (= depletion index) and the amount of light-REE enrichment present in the lavas suggest a component induced melting model. In this model, progressive addition of a light-REE component induced higher degree batch melts, or enabled melting of highly refractory source material. The light-REE-enrichment event is shown to be of the same character across the ophiolite, but it is limited to the older ocean crust and a transform-influenced regime.
0091-7613
448
Taylor, R.N.
094be7fd-ef61-4acd-a795-7daba2bc6183
Nesbitt, R.W.
6a124ad1-4e6d-4407-b92f-592f7fd682e4
Taylor, R.N.
094be7fd-ef61-4acd-a795-7daba2bc6183
Nesbitt, R.W.
6a124ad1-4e6d-4407-b92f-592f7fd682e4

Taylor, R.N. and Nesbitt, R.W. (1988) Light rare-earth enrichment of supra subduction-zone mantle: Evidence from the Troodos ophiolite, Cyprus. Geology, 16 (5), 448. (doi:10.1130/0091-7613(1988)?016<0448:LREEOS>?2.3.CO;2).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Geochemical data (including rare-earth elements [REE]) are presented for the primitive (high-MgO) glassy lavas from the upper sections of the Troodos ophiolite. Al2O3/TiO2 ratios are used as an index of degrees of mantle melting and/or successive depletion events. The sources of the lavas have undergone both a ubiquitous introduction of low field-strength elements and a selective addition of light REE, suggesting a two-stage mantle contamination model. Correlations between Al2O3/TiO2 ratios (= depletion index) and the amount of light-REE enrichment present in the lavas suggest a component induced melting model. In this model, progressive addition of a light-REE component induced higher degree batch melts, or enabled melting of highly refractory source material. The light-REE-enrichment event is shown to be of the same character across the ophiolite, but it is limited to the older ocean crust and a transform-influenced regime.

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Published date: 1988
Organisations: Geochemistry

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 361734
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/361734
ISSN: 0091-7613
PURE UUID: 0759df94-acf6-4942-8cd3-e17fdd15f72d

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Date deposited: 31 Jan 2014 14:21
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 02:58

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