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Identifying trade-offs between adaptation, mitigation and development in community responses to climate and socio-economic stresses: evidence from Zanzibar, Tanzania

Identifying trade-offs between adaptation, mitigation and development in community responses to climate and socio-economic stresses: evidence from Zanzibar, Tanzania
Identifying trade-offs between adaptation, mitigation and development in community responses to climate and socio-economic stresses: evidence from Zanzibar, Tanzania
In this paper, we examine how communities in Zanzibar cope with and adapt to multiple-stressors including climate change, and how these responses affect long-term adaptation, mitigation and development (AMD) goals. In particular, we identify the multiple-stressors that affect natural-resource dependent communities in Zanzibar. We then explore how community responses affect long-term development and mitigation goals before we examine the barriers to maximising AMD synergies in community responses. We use the DPSIR (Drivers – Pressures – States – Impacts – Response) as a tool to organise the complex information relating to both the marine and terrestrial SES in Zanzibar. Using data from household surveys and community-level focus groups, we find that responses to stressors resemble coping strategies as they provide short-term relief but in the long-term may negatively affect development goals. Furthermore, responses generate a trade-off between adaptation, mitigation and development. For example, when farmers respond to low productivity by spending longer on the farm, there is a development trade-off as time burdens are increased, and a mitigation trade-off as secondary forest cannot be established. We identify that AMD compatible responses are constrained by resource, regulatory, learning and governance barriers. We conclude that without local climate policy intervention, ‘mal-adaptations’, which threaten both mitigation and development goals, could occur across a range of temporal and spatial scales.
sub-saharan africa, adaptation, mitigation, development, climate change, DPSIR
0143-6228
111-121
Suckall, Natalie
6403cd8a-dab8-4fed-9136-ab293700d4fe
Tompkins, Emma L.
a6116704-7140-4e37-bea1-2cbf39b138c3
Stringer, Lindsay
69b11dd5-9c14-4b26-a903-d9d40777028a
Suckall, Natalie
6403cd8a-dab8-4fed-9136-ab293700d4fe
Tompkins, Emma L.
a6116704-7140-4e37-bea1-2cbf39b138c3
Stringer, Lindsay
69b11dd5-9c14-4b26-a903-d9d40777028a

Suckall, Natalie, Tompkins, Emma L. and Stringer, Lindsay (2014) Identifying trade-offs between adaptation, mitigation and development in community responses to climate and socio-economic stresses: evidence from Zanzibar, Tanzania. Applied Geography, 46, 111-121. (doi:10.1016/j.apgeog.2013.11.005).

Record type: Article

Abstract

In this paper, we examine how communities in Zanzibar cope with and adapt to multiple-stressors including climate change, and how these responses affect long-term adaptation, mitigation and development (AMD) goals. In particular, we identify the multiple-stressors that affect natural-resource dependent communities in Zanzibar. We then explore how community responses affect long-term development and mitigation goals before we examine the barriers to maximising AMD synergies in community responses. We use the DPSIR (Drivers – Pressures – States – Impacts – Response) as a tool to organise the complex information relating to both the marine and terrestrial SES in Zanzibar. Using data from household surveys and community-level focus groups, we find that responses to stressors resemble coping strategies as they provide short-term relief but in the long-term may negatively affect development goals. Furthermore, responses generate a trade-off between adaptation, mitigation and development. For example, when farmers respond to low productivity by spending longer on the farm, there is a development trade-off as time burdens are increased, and a mitigation trade-off as secondary forest cannot be established. We identify that AMD compatible responses are constrained by resource, regulatory, learning and governance barriers. We conclude that without local climate policy intervention, ‘mal-adaptations’, which threaten both mitigation and development goals, could occur across a range of temporal and spatial scales.

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More information

Published date: January 2014
Keywords: sub-saharan africa, adaptation, mitigation, development, climate change, DPSIR
Organisations: Global Env Change & Earth Observation

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 362297
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/362297
ISSN: 0143-6228
PURE UUID: f422df4e-56a1-48c8-b43b-1f5bc0cfc39e
ORCID for Emma L. Tompkins: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-4825-9797

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Date deposited: 21 Feb 2014 15:11
Last modified: 02 Dec 2022 02:44

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Author: Natalie Suckall
Author: Lindsay Stringer

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