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Elevated CO2 and hybrid poplar a detailed investigation of root and shoot growth and physiology of Populus euramericana, 'Primo'

Elevated CO2 and hybrid poplar a detailed investigation of root and shoot growth and physiology of Populus euramericana, 'Primo'
Elevated CO2 and hybrid poplar a detailed investigation of root and shoot growth and physiology of Populus euramericana, 'Primo'
Exposure of the hybrid poplar clone ‘Primo’ (Populus deltoidex × Populus nigra) to 580 ?l 1?1 carbon dioxide for just 68 days significantly (P ? 0.05) increased stem height by 13% compared with trees grown in ambient CO2 concentrations. The stem diameter was significantly (P ? 0.05) increased and both total biomass and woody stem biomass also showed higher values (38% and 31% increases respectively) in elevated CO2. Trees in elevated CO2 had more leaves and a greater total leaf area, whilst the specific leaf area was decreased in elevated CO2 on four out of five occasions and was significantly (P ? 0.05) lower after 68 days, an effect indicating that leaves were thicker and/or heavier. Rates of photosynthesis (A) measured after 49 and 67 days of exposure revealed that trees in the elevated CO2 treatment had lower values of A when measured at either 350 or 580 ?l 1?1 CO2. Sequential harvests at intervals during the study in which the root and shoot components were analysed separately allowed the construction of root:shoot ratios and allometric coefficients; there was no significant effect on the allometric coefficient and the root:shoot ratio was significantly increased on only one occasion. However, measurements of the ‘apparent’ root length suggested that root lengths were greater in the CO2 treatment. There was a significant increase in the number of fine root tips visible down the surface of specially designed rooting tubes (P ? 0.05), indicating more fine roots or an increase in fine root branching. The growth rates of individual fine or large roots over 24 h were unaffected, again suggesting that increases in biomass may be due to more root segments rather than longer individual roots. Root water relations were also examined and showed a tendency towards solute accumulation and increases in turgor pressure (P) and effective turgor (Pe) at times when root growth was stimulated, although these were not consistent. Cell wall plasticity of the tips of large roots was significantly (P ? 0.01) reduced in elevated CO2, possibly indicating a greater tendency to divert resources to the formation of root branches. The results of the study are discussed in the light of the possible consequences of changes in poplar growth and physiology for forestry practice in an increased CO2 environment.
populus euramericana, poplar, biomass, root growth, elevated CO2
0378-1127
103-116
Bosac, C.
1ae1febe-e571-4604-b930-f0cbfa3a45e5
Gardner, S.D.L.
8c48d830-76e8-406b-9824-b0a982faa071
Taylor, G.
f3851db9-d37c-4c36-8663-e5c2cb03e171
Wilkins, D.
88a24d0d-9b13-4e82-bd5c-8f2cee3e8113
Bosac, C.
1ae1febe-e571-4604-b930-f0cbfa3a45e5
Gardner, S.D.L.
8c48d830-76e8-406b-9824-b0a982faa071
Taylor, G.
f3851db9-d37c-4c36-8663-e5c2cb03e171
Wilkins, D.
88a24d0d-9b13-4e82-bd5c-8f2cee3e8113

Bosac, C., Gardner, S.D.L., Taylor, G. and Wilkins, D. (1995) Elevated CO2 and hybrid poplar a detailed investigation of root and shoot growth and physiology of Populus euramericana, 'Primo'. Forest Ecology and Management, 74 (1-3), 103-116. (doi:10.1016/0378-1127(94)03506-R).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Exposure of the hybrid poplar clone ‘Primo’ (Populus deltoidex × Populus nigra) to 580 ?l 1?1 carbon dioxide for just 68 days significantly (P ? 0.05) increased stem height by 13% compared with trees grown in ambient CO2 concentrations. The stem diameter was significantly (P ? 0.05) increased and both total biomass and woody stem biomass also showed higher values (38% and 31% increases respectively) in elevated CO2. Trees in elevated CO2 had more leaves and a greater total leaf area, whilst the specific leaf area was decreased in elevated CO2 on four out of five occasions and was significantly (P ? 0.05) lower after 68 days, an effect indicating that leaves were thicker and/or heavier. Rates of photosynthesis (A) measured after 49 and 67 days of exposure revealed that trees in the elevated CO2 treatment had lower values of A when measured at either 350 or 580 ?l 1?1 CO2. Sequential harvests at intervals during the study in which the root and shoot components were analysed separately allowed the construction of root:shoot ratios and allometric coefficients; there was no significant effect on the allometric coefficient and the root:shoot ratio was significantly increased on only one occasion. However, measurements of the ‘apparent’ root length suggested that root lengths were greater in the CO2 treatment. There was a significant increase in the number of fine root tips visible down the surface of specially designed rooting tubes (P ? 0.05), indicating more fine roots or an increase in fine root branching. The growth rates of individual fine or large roots over 24 h were unaffected, again suggesting that increases in biomass may be due to more root segments rather than longer individual roots. Root water relations were also examined and showed a tendency towards solute accumulation and increases in turgor pressure (P) and effective turgor (Pe) at times when root growth was stimulated, although these were not consistent. Cell wall plasticity of the tips of large roots was significantly (P ? 0.01) reduced in elevated CO2, possibly indicating a greater tendency to divert resources to the formation of root branches. The results of the study are discussed in the light of the possible consequences of changes in poplar growth and physiology for forestry practice in an increased CO2 environment.

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Published date: June 1995
Keywords: populus euramericana, poplar, biomass, root growth, elevated CO2
Organisations: Faculty of Natural and Environmental Sciences

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Local EPrints ID: 362605
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/362605
ISSN: 0378-1127
PURE UUID: e96799b5-7319-4f9a-9b6d-567d25d3d7fb

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Date deposited: 27 Feb 2014 12:51
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 02:50

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Author: C. Bosac
Author: S.D.L. Gardner
Author: G. Taylor
Author: D. Wilkins

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