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Dehydration of alcohols using solid acid catalysts

Dehydration of alcohols using solid acid catalysts
Dehydration of alcohols using solid acid catalysts
Solid acid catalysts were prepared through silicon substitution into aluminophosphate frameworks. Silicon incorporation was confirmed using solid state nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The nature of the acid sites generated was determined using Fourier Transform infrared spectroscopy. These materials were tested as catalysts for the dehydration of ethanol to ethylene at low operating temperatures. The materials were active for dehydration of ethanol to ethylene with significant differences observed between aluminophosphate frameworks both in terms of selectivity to the desired product but also in terms of the nature of the silicon substitution and the active sites. Links have been made between these properties and the observed catalytic behaviour. The effect of the catalytic framework is further explored though the testing of cobalt substituted aluminophosphates for ethanol dehydration. Silicon substituted aluminophosphates have been tested for the dehydration of 1-phenylethanol to styrene as an example of catalysis in the liquid phase. Here the influence of framework was particularly significant due to the large substrate. The effect of redox metals in the aluminophosphate framework has been investigated through the use of calcined and pre-reduced cobalt substituted aluminophosphates for the dehydration of ethanol to ethylene. Analysis of the catalytic product stream was combined with UV-Visible measurements to investigate potential redox processes occurring during the reaction time on stream and the influence of the oxidation state of the redox metal on the catalytic products of the reaction.
Cholerton, Mary
f829200a-4796-4778-897d-10c7bde35b03
Cholerton, Mary
f829200a-4796-4778-897d-10c7bde35b03
Raja, Robert
74faf442-38a6-4ac1-84f9-b3c039cb392b

Cholerton, Mary (2014) Dehydration of alcohols using solid acid catalysts. University of Southampton, Chemistry, Doctoral Thesis, 330pp.

Record type: Thesis (Doctoral)

Abstract

Solid acid catalysts were prepared through silicon substitution into aluminophosphate frameworks. Silicon incorporation was confirmed using solid state nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The nature of the acid sites generated was determined using Fourier Transform infrared spectroscopy. These materials were tested as catalysts for the dehydration of ethanol to ethylene at low operating temperatures. The materials were active for dehydration of ethanol to ethylene with significant differences observed between aluminophosphate frameworks both in terms of selectivity to the desired product but also in terms of the nature of the silicon substitution and the active sites. Links have been made between these properties and the observed catalytic behaviour. The effect of the catalytic framework is further explored though the testing of cobalt substituted aluminophosphates for ethanol dehydration. Silicon substituted aluminophosphates have been tested for the dehydration of 1-phenylethanol to styrene as an example of catalysis in the liquid phase. Here the influence of framework was particularly significant due to the large substrate. The effect of redox metals in the aluminophosphate framework has been investigated through the use of calcined and pre-reduced cobalt substituted aluminophosphates for the dehydration of ethanol to ethylene. Analysis of the catalytic product stream was combined with UV-Visible measurements to investigate potential redox processes occurring during the reaction time on stream and the influence of the oxidation state of the redox metal on the catalytic products of the reaction.

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Published date: 31 January 2014
Organisations: University of Southampton, Chemistry

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 362638
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/362638
PURE UUID: cb992279-bfc9-41c1-a387-12d522497cb8
ORCID for Robert Raja: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-4161-7053

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 03 Mar 2014 13:32
Last modified: 06 Jun 2018 12:40

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