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Hidden Structure and Function in the Lexicon

Picard, Olivier, Lord, Melanie, Blondin-Massé, Alexandre, Marcotte, Odile, Lopes, Marcos and Harnad, Stevan (2013) Hidden Structure and Function in the Lexicon In 10th International Workshop on Natural Language Processing and Cognitive Science. NLPCS. 12 pp, pp. 65-77.

Record type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)


How many words are needed to define all the words in a dictionary? Graph-theoretic analysis reveals that about 10% of a dictionary is a unique Kernel of words that define one another and all the rest, but this is not the smallest such subset. The Kernel consists of one huge strongly connected component (SCC), about half its size, the Core, surrounded by many small SCCs, the Satellites. Core words can define one another but not the rest of the dictionary. The Kernel also contains many overlapping Minimal Grounding Sets (MGSs), each about the same size as the Core, each part -Core, part - Satellite. MGS words can define all the rest of the dictionary. They are learned earlier, more concrete and more frequent than the rest of the dictionary. Satellite words, not correlated with age or frequency, are less concrete (more abstract) words that are also needed for full lexical power.

PDF arxiv/papers/1308/1308.2428.pdf - Accepted Manuscript
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Published date: 2013
Venue - Dates: workshop; 2013-01-01, 2013-01-01
Keywords: symbol grounding, dictionaries, mental lexicon, graph theory, semantics
Organisations: Web & Internet Science


Local EPrints ID: 363500
PURE UUID: f496b734-2b07-4300-aef5-7750a82c1195

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Date deposited: 25 Mar 2014 14:31
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 02:39

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Author: Olivier Picard
Author: Melanie Lord
Author: Alexandre Blondin-Massé
Author: Odile Marcotte
Author: Marcos Lopes
Author: Stevan Harnad

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